Best universities in Europe 2017

Times Higher Education World University Rankings data reveal the top 200 universities in Europe
September 21 2016

European universities take just over 40 per cent of the places in a ranking of almost 1,000 of the best universities in the world.

The Times Higher Education's World University Ranking 2016-2017 ranks 980 universities around the world, and just under 400 are universities in Europe.

A UK university takes the top spot in the overall ranking for the first time, and 90 other UK universities appear in the overall ranking.

Germany is the next most represented European country, with 41 featured institutions, many of them in the top 100 universities.

Of universities in mainland Europe, a Swiss institution – ETH Zurich – achieves the highest rank, making it into the top 10 overall and the top 5 within Europe.


Best European universities by country

- Best universities in the UK
- Best universities in Scotland

- Best universities in France
- Best universities in Germany
Best universities in the Netherlands


The top 10 European universities include UK, Swiss, German and Swedish institutions, but UK universities take most of the spots at the very top.

Institutions were measured on their teaching environment, research environment, citations (research influence), industry income and international outlook – the World University Ranking's methodology audited independently in 2016.


- See the best universities in the United States
- An in-depth look at Europe's university universe
- View the full World University Rankings 2015-2016 methodology
Best universities in Canada
Best universities in Australia
-
 Best universities in South America


While Italy boasts 39 universities in the ranking, its top-ranked institution – Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa – doesn't make it into the top 100 overall, or the top 50 in Europe.


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Elsewhere in Europe, Scandinavian countries perform well, with Sweden and Finland punching above their weight relative to their population size with 11 and nine institutions respectively. Sweden’s top university – Karolinska Institute – is in the overall top 30 while Finland’s University of Helsinki makes the top 100.

Other strong performers relative to population size include Denmark (seven universities – led by Aarhus University in the top 100) and the Republic of Ireland (nine universities in total).


- View the best universities in Asia
- View the best universities in Africa


Overall 35 European countries are represented in the ranking, including Spain, Russia, Greece and Serbia.


Best universities in Europe 2017

Click each institution to view its full World University Rankings 2016-2017 results

Europe Rank 2017 World University Rank 2016-17 University Country
1 1 University of Oxford United Kingdom
2 4 University of Cambridge United Kingdom
3 8 Imperial College London United Kingdom
4 9 ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich Switzerland
5 15 University College London United Kingdom
6 =25 London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom
7 27 University of Edinburgh United Kingdom
8 28 Karolinska Institute Sweden
=9 =30 LMU Munich Germany
=9 =30 École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland
11 =36 King’s College London United Kingdom
12 40 KU Leuven Belgium
13 =43 Heidelberg University Germany
14 46 Technical University of Munich Germany
15 55 University of Manchester United Kingdom
16 =57 Humboldt University of Berlin Germany
17 59 Delft University of Technology Netherlands
18 63 University of Amsterdam Netherlands
19 65 Wageningen University and Research Center Netherlands
20 66 École Normale Supérieure France
21 69 Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands
22 71 University of Bristol United Kingdom
23 75 Free University of Berlin Germany
24 77 Leiden University Netherlands
25 =78 RWTH Aachen University Germany
26 =80 University of Groningen Netherlands
=27 =82 Technical University of Berlin Germany
=27 =82 University of Warwick United Kingdom
29 86 Utrecht University Netherlands
30 88 University of Glasgow United Kingdom
31 =89 University of Tübingen Germany
32 =91 University of Helsinki Finland
33 93 Uppsala University Sweden
34 94 Maastricht University Netherlands
35 95 University of Freiburg Germany
=36 =96 Lund University Sweden
=36 =96 Durham University United Kingdom
=38 =98 Aarhus University Denmark
=38 =98 University of Basel Switzerland
40 102 University of Mannheim Germany
41 106 University of Zurich Switzerland
42 109 University of Sheffield United Kingdom
=43 =110 University of Bern Switzerland
=43 =110 University of St Andrews United Kingdom
45 112 University of Göttingen Germany
=46 =113 University of Bonn Germany
=46 =113 Queen Mary University of London United Kingdom
48 =116 École Polytechnique France
49 118 Ghent University Belgium
50 120 University of Copenhagen Denmark
=51 =121 Pierre and Marie Curie University France
=51 =121 Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands
=51 =121 University of Southampton United Kingdom
54 =126 University of Exeter United Kingdom
55 128 Université Catholique de Louvain Belgium
56 129 University of York United Kingdom
57 130 University of Birmingham United Kingdom
58 132 University of Oslo Norway
59 133 University of Leeds United Kingdom
60 =135 Ulm University Germany
=61 =137 Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Italy
=61 =137 University of Geneva Switzerland
=61 =137 Lancaster University United Kingdom
=64 =144 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany
=64 =144 Stockholm University Sweden
66 147 University of Nottingham United Kingdom
67 149 University of Sussex United Kingdom
68 =151 University of Lausanne Switzerland
69 =153 University of Twente Netherlands
70 =156 VU University Amsterdam Netherlands
71 158 University of Liverpool United Kingdom
72 159 KTH Royal Institute of Technology Sweden
73 160 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Germany
=74 =161 University of Vienna Austria
=74 =161 University of Münster Germany
76 163 Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
77 164 TU Dresden  Germany
78 =165 University of East Anglia United Kingdom
=79 =170 University of Cologne Germany
=79 =170 University of Gothenburg Sweden
81 172 University of Leicester United Kingdom
82 =173 Royal Holloway, University of London United Kingdom
83 175 Pompeu Fabra University Spain
84 176 Technical University of Denmark Denmark
85 177 Eindhoven University of Technology Netherlands
86 178 University of Luxembourg Luxembourg
87 179 Paris-Sud University France
=88 =180 University of Hamburg Germany
=88 =180 University of Dundee United Kingdom
90 =182 Cardiff University United Kingdom
91 =186 University of Würzburg Germany
=92 =188 Lomonosov Moscow State University Russian Federation
=92 =188 University of Aberdeen United Kingdom
=94 =190 Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna Italy
=94 =190 Newcastle University United Kingdom
96 =192 University of Reading United Kingdom
97 194 University of Konstanz Germany
98 197 University of Duisburg-Essen Germany
99 =198 Tilburg University Netherlands
=100 201-250 Aalborg University Denmark
=100 201-250 Aalto University Finland
=100 201-250 Birkbeck, University of London United Kingdom
=100 201-250 CentraleSupélec France
=100 201-250 École Normale Supérieure de Lyon France
=100 201-250 Goethe University Frankfurt Germany
=100 201-250 National University of Ireland, Galway Republic of Ireland
=100 201-250 Paris Descartes University France
=100 201-250 Paris Diderot University – Paris 7 France
=100 201-250 Polytechnic University of Milan Italy
=100 201-250 Queen’s University Belfast United Kingdom
=100 201-250 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Republic of Ireland
=100 201-250 St George’s, University of London United Kingdom
=100 201-250 Technical University of Darmstadt Germany
=100 201-250 Université Libre de Bruxelles Belgium
=100 201-250 University College Dublin Republic of Ireland
=100 201-250 University of Antwerp Belgium
=100 201-250 University of Barcelona Spain
=100 201-250 University of Bergen Norway
=100 201-250 University of Bologna Italy
=100 201-250 University of Iceland Iceland
=100 201-250 University of Kiel Germany
=100 201-250 University of Oulu Finland
=100 201-250 University of Stuttgart Germany
=100 201-250 University of Trento Italy
=126 251-300 Bayreuth University Germany
=126 251-300 Bielefeld University Germany
=126 251-300 Chalmers University of Technology Sweden
=126 251-300 Copenhagen Business School Denmark
=126 251-300 Free University of Bozen-Bolzano Italy
=126 251-300 Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz Germany
=126 251-300 Mines ParisTech France
=126 251-300 Norwegian University of Science and Technology Norway
=126 251-300 Ruhr University Bochum Germany
=126 251-300 Sapienza University of Rome Italy
=126 251-300 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Sweden
=126 251-300 Umeå University Sweden
=126 251-300 University of Bath United Kingdom
=126 251-300 University of Fribourg Switzerland
=126 251-300 University of Hohenheim Germany
=126 251-300 University of Marburg Germany
=126 251-300 University of Southern Denmark Denmark
=126 251-300 University of Surrey United Kingdom
=126 251-300 University of Tampere Finland
=126 251-300 Vienna University of Technology Austria
=147 301-350 Aberystwyth University United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Aix-Marseille University France
=147 301-350 Anglia Ruskin University United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Bangor University United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Brunel University London United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Central European University Hungary
=147 301-350 Federal University of Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées France
=147 301-350 Goldsmiths, University of London United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Justus Liebig University Giessen Germany
=147 301-350 Linköping University Sweden
=147 301-350 Loughborough University United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Russian Federation
=147 301-350 Royal Veterinary College United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Swansea University United Kingdom
=147 301-350 Technical University of Dortmund Germany
=147 301-350 University of Bordeaux France
=147 301-350 University of Bremen Germany
=147 301-350 University of Crete Greece
=147 301-350 University of Essex United Kingdom
=147 301-350 University of Innsbruck Austria
=147 301-350 University of Kent United Kingdom
=147 301-350 University of Liège Belgium
=147 301-350 University of Milan Italy
=147 301-350 University of Navarra Spain
=147 301-350 University of Padua Italy
=147 301-350 University of Pavia Italy
=147 301-350 University of Stirling United Kingdom
=147 301-350 University of Strasbourg France
=147 301-350 University of Tartu Estonia
=147 301-350 University of Turku Finland
=147 301-350 Vrije Universiteit Brussel Belgium
=178 351-400 Aston University United Kingdom
=178 351-400 Autonomous University of Madrid Spain
=178 351-400 City University London United Kingdom
=178 351-400 Claude Bernard University Lyon 1 France
=178 351-400 École des Ponts ParisTech  France
=178 351-400 Graz University of Technology Austria
=178 351-400 ITMO University Russian Federation
=178 351-400 Leibniz University of Hanover Germany
=178 351-400 Montpellier University France
=178 351-400 National University of Ireland, Maynooth Republic of Ireland
=178 351-400 Norwegian University of Life Sciences Norway
=178 351-400 Örebro University Sweden
=178 351-400 Paris-Sorbonne University – Paris 4 France
=178 351-400 Plymouth University United Kingdom
=178 351-400 Polytechnic University of Turin Italy
=178 351-400 University College Cork Republic of Ireland
=178 351-400 University of Calabria Italy
=178 351-400 University of Cyprus Cyprus
=178 351-400 University of Eastern Finland Finland
=178 351-400 University of Kaiserslautern Germany
=178 351-400 University of Milan-Bicocca Italy
=178 351-400 University of Salerno Italy
=178 351-400 University of Trieste Italy
=178 351-400 University of Turin Italy
=202 401-500 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece
=202 401-500 Charles University in Prague Czech Republic
=202 401-500 Cyprus University of Technology Cyprus
=202 401-500 Dublin City University Republic of Ireland
=202 401-500 École Normale Supérieure de Cachan France
=202 401-500 Hasselt University Belgium
=202 401-500 Heriot-Watt University United Kingdom
=202 401-500 Higher School of Economics Russian Federation
=202 401-500 Johannes Kepler University of Linz Austria
=202 401-500 Kazan Federal University Russian Federation
=202 401-500 Keele University United Kingdom
=202 401-500 Marche Polytechnic University Italy
=202 401-500 National Research Nuclear University MePhI Russian Federation
=202 401-500 Novosibirsk State University Russian Federation
=202 401-500 Oxford Brookes University United Kingdom
=202 401-500 Panthéon-Sorbonne University – Paris 1 France
=202 401-500 Polytechnic University of Catalonia Spain
=202 401-500 Saint Petersburg State University Russian Federation
=202 401-500 Soas, University of London United Kingdom
=202 401-500 The Open University United Kingdom
=202 401-500 UiT The Arctic University of Norway Norway
=202 401-500 University of Aveiro Portugal
=202 401-500 University of Bari Aldo Moro Italy
=202 401-500 University of Bergamo Italy
=202 401-500 University of Brescia Italy
=202 401-500 University of Coimbra Portugal
=202 401-500 University of Ferrara Italy
=202 401-500 University of Florence Italy
=202 401-500 University of Genoa Italy
=202 401-500 University of Graz Austria
=202 401-500 University of Greifswald Germany
=202 401-500 University of Jyväskylä Finland
=202 401-500 University of Lille France
=202 401-500 University of Lisbon Portugal
=202 401-500 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Italy
=202 401-500 University of Nantes France
=202 401-500 University of Naples Federico II Italy
=202 401-500 University of Neuchâtel Switzerland
=202 401-500 University of Nice Sophia Antipolis France
=202 401-500 University of Pisa Italy
=202 401-500 University of Porto Portugal
=202 401-500 University of Portsmouth United Kingdom
=202 401-500 University of Rome II – Tor Vergata Italy
=202 401-500 University of Rome III Italy
=202 401-500 University of Rovira i Virgili Spain
=202 401-500 University of Salento Italy
=202 401-500 University of Siegen Germany
=202 401-500 University of St Gallen Switzerland
=202 401-500 University of Strathclyde United Kingdom
=202 401-500 Verona University Italy
=252 501-600 Athens University of Economics and Business Greece
=252 501-600 Ca’ Foscari University of Venice Italy
=252 501-600 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart Italy
=252 501-600 Complutense University of Madrid Spain
=252 501-600 Lappeenranta University of Technology Finland
=252 501-600 Liverpool John Moores University United Kingdom
=252 501-600 Middlesex University United Kingdom
=252 501-600 National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Greece
=252 501-600 National Institute of Applied Sciences of Lyon (INSA Lyon) France
=252 501-600 Nova University of Lisbon Portugal
=252 501-600 Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg Germany
=252 501-600 Polytechnic University of Valencia Spain
=252 501-600 Roskilde University Denmark
=252 501-600 Semmelweis University Hungary
=252 501-600 Tampere University of Technology Finland
=252 501-600 Tomsk Polytechnic University Russian Federation
=252 501-600 Tomsk State University Russian Federation
=252 501-600 Ulster University United Kingdom
=252 501-600 Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté (UBFC) France
=252 501-600 University of Cagliari Italy
=252 501-600 University of Catania Italy
=252 501-600 University of Granada Spain
=252 501-600 University of Hertfordshire United Kingdom
=252 501-600 University of Hull United Kingdom
=252 501-600 University of Ioannina Greece
=252 501-600 University of Limerick Republic of Ireland
=252 501-600 University of Maribor Slovenia
=252 501-600 University of Minho Portugal
=252 501-600 University of Paderborn Germany
=252 501-600 University of Palermo Italy
=252 501-600 University of Parma Italy
=252 501-600 University of Rennes 1 France
=252 501-600 University of Siena Italy
=252 501-600 University of the Basque Country Spain
=252 501-600 University of Urbino Carlo Bo Italy
=252 501-600 University of Valencia Spain
=252 501-600 University of Warsaw Poland
=252 501-600 University of Zaragoza Spain
=252 501-600 Warsaw University of Technology Poland
=291 601-800 AGH University of Science and Technology Poland
=291 601-800 Babeş-Bolyai University Romania
=291 601-800 Bauman Moscow State Technical University Russian Federation
=291 601-800 Bournemouth University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Brno University of Technology Czech Republic
=291 601-800 Budapest University of Technology and Economics Hungary
=291 601-800 Carlos III University of Madrid Spain
=291 601-800 Comenius University in Bratislava Slovakia
=291 601-800 Coventry University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Czech Technical University in Prague Czech Republic
=291 601-800 De Montfort University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Dublin Institute of Technology Republic of Ireland
=291 601-800 École Centrale de Lyon France
=291 601-800 Edinburgh Napier University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Eötvös Loránd University Hungary
=291 601-800 Glasgow Caledonian University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 ISCTE-University Institute of Lisbon Portugal
=291 601-800 Jagiellonian University Poland
=291 601-800 King Juan Carlos University Spain
=291 601-800 Kingston University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Leeds Beckett University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 London Metropolitan University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Manchester Metropolitan University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Masaryk University Czech Republic
=291 601-800 Northumbria University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Nottingham Trent University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Palacký University in Olomouc Czech Republic
=291 601-800 Peter the Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University Russian Federation
=291 601-800 Tallinn University of Technology Estonia
=291 601-800 Technical University of Madrid Spain
=291 601-800 Teesside University United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of A Coruña Spain
=291 601-800 University of Alcalá Spain
=291 601-800 University of Bedfordshire United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Beira Interior Portugal
=291 601-800 University of Bradford United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Brighton United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Castilla-La Mancha Spain
=291 601-800 University of Central Lancashire United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague Czech Republic
=291 601-800 University of East London United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Greenwich United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Huddersfield United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Jaén Spain
=291 601-800 University of La Laguna Spain
=291 601-800 University of Lincoln United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Ljubljana Slovenia
=291 601-800 University of Murcia Spain
=291 601-800 University of Oviedo Spain
=291 601-800 University of Patras Greece
=291 601-800 University of Pécs Hungary
=291 601-800 University of Roehampton United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Salamanca Spain
=291 601-800 University of Salford United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Santiago de Compostela Spain
=291 601-800 University of Seville Spain
=291 601-800 University of Szeged Hungary
=291 601-800 University of the West of England United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of the West of Scotland United Kingdom
=291 601-800 University of Vigo Spain
=291 601-800 University of Westminster United Kingdom
=291 601-800 Vilnius University Lithuania
=291 601-800 West University of Timişoara Romania
=354 801+ Adam Mickiewicz University Poland
=354 801+ Alexandru Ioan Cuza University Romania
=354 801+ Belarusian State University Belarus
=354 801+ Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CULS) Czech Republic
=354 801+ Gdańsk University of Technology Poland
=354 801+ Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Georgia
=354 801+ Kaunas University of Technology Lithuania
=354 801+ Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod Russian Federation
=354 801+ London South Bank University United Kingdom
=354 801+ Lviv Polytechnic National University Ukraine
=354 801+ National Research Saratov State University Russian Federation
=354 801+ National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET) Russian Federation
=354 801+ National Technical University of Ukraine – Kyiv Polytechnic Institute Ukraine
=354 801+ National University of Science and Technology (MISiS) Russian Federation
=354 801+ Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń Poland
=354 801+ Novosibirsk State Technical University Russian Federation
=354 801+ Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia Russian Federation
=354 801+ Riga Technical University Latvia
=354 801+ Robert Gordon University United Kingdom
=354 801+ Samara State Aerospace University  Russian Federation
=354 801+ Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University Russian Federation
=354 801+ Sheffield Hallam University United Kingdom
=354 801+ Siberian Federal University Russian Federation
=354 801+ Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava Slovakia
=354 801+ Sofia University Bulgaria
=354 801+ Southern Federal University Russian Federation
=354 801+ Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv Ukraine
=354 801+ Technical University of Liberec Czech Republic
=354 801+ Tomas Bata University in Zlín Czech Republic
=354 801+ University of Belgrade Serbia
=354 801+ University of Bucharest Romania
=354 801+ University of Cergy-Pontoise France
=354 801+ University of Debrecen Hungary
=354 801+ University of Latvia Latvia
=354 801+ University of Łódź Poland
=354 801+ University of Pardubice Czech Republic
=354 801+ University of Silesia in Katowice Poland
=354 801+ University of West Bohemia Czech Republic
=354 801+ University of Zagreb Croatia
=354 801+ Ural Federal University Russian Federation
=354 801+ V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Ukraine
=354 801+ Voronezh State University Russian Federation
=354 801+ VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava Czech Republic

Note: Data are drawn from the World University Rankings 2015-2016 © THE data@timeshighereducation.com. For the top 100 institutions we have provided detailed scores to one decimal place. For those ranked 101-200 we have banded universities in ventiles (5 percentile groups) and provided the scores as a range for that group, listing the universities in alphabetical order within ranges. View the full results of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015-2016

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