Tilburg University has been known by many names since it was established in 1927. It started life as the Roman Catholic University of Commerce, before making its way through the names Catholic Economic University, Catholic University Tilburg, and Catholic University Brabant before officially arriving at its current title in 2010.
In 1969, protesting students gave Tilburg another unofficial name, christening it renamed the Karl Marx University and calling for the revolutionary socialist philosopher’s ideas to be more reflected in the curriculum. It led to the 1971 bill of Educational Reform, which put more decision-making power in the hands of students across the Netherlands.
The institution is still thought of as a Catholic university, despite dropping the religious reference from its name, and has a School of Catholic Theology. It has a strong reputation in business, law and economics.
Tilburg University in its earliest form was founded by, among others, Martinus Cobbenhagen, who was a professor of general theory and the history of economics at the institution from 1929 to 1954. Cobbenhagen was the first person in the Netherlands to argue that those practising economics should also adhere to a strong ethical code.
Among the university's notable alumni are Norbert Schmelzer, a former Dutch minister of foreign affairs. Ruud Lubbers, former prime minister of the Netherlands, taught at Tilburg University between 1995 and 2000 while chess grandmaster Max Euwe was a computer science professor at Tilburg in the 1960s.
As well as being known for the university, the city of Tilburg is famous for an annual 10-day funfair, which takes place each July.