Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), based in Lithuania, was established in 1920, and originally known as Higher Courses. As it grew – both in terms of staff and students – it eventually became the first independent higher education institution in Lithuania in 1922.Renamed Vytautas Magnus in 1930, the university specialised in four areas: civil engineering, mechanics, electrical engineering, and chemical technology. Today, KTU is one of the largest technical universities in all of the Baltic States.The university building consists of two main parts – a horizontal volumetric 5-storey building, equipped with scientific laboratories, and a vertical 8-storey building of business centre with office premises of technological companies.The university is equipped with vast open spaces, a transformable conference hall of 400 places, halls, library cafe, and information centres. More than 9,000 square metres are dedicated to research infrastructure.KTU offers its students 12 dormitories, all based on campus, which are conveniently located close to the city centre. An extensive transport network connects the university campus to everything students need in the city. As a technology university, it established and maintains long-term contacts within the business industry. In order to do this, the university implemented a joint project in 2012 alongside Aalto University Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE, Finland). They signed a Memorandum and established the KTU Innovation and Business Centre (KTU IBC). KTU has had at least 500 scientific articles published in a variety of publications that are included in the list of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI).
In 2010, the head of the Institute of Environmental Engineering, Prof. Jurgis Kazimieras Staniškis, was awarded the Baltic Sea Award 2010 making him the only Lithuanian scientist to receive this award – which goes annually to an individual or organisation for putting research findings into practice.Notable alumni include Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas, who was the first President of a newly independent post-Soviet Lithuania between 1993 and 1998 and Prime Minister from 2001 to 2006, Marcelijus Martinaitis, a poet and translator who is well known in Lithuania as a public figure, and Edvardas Gudavičius who is one of the most notable historians in modern Lithuania.