Founded in 1864, the University of Bucharest (UB) was formed out of the former Saint Sava Academy, which itself was established in 1694. It is a modern public research university and is the second oldest in Romania.
Today, UB caters for both undergraduate and postgraduate students with degrees offered in social sciences, humanities and natural sciences. There are roughly 32,000 students including 1,000 foreign students. Around 40 undergraduate fields of study are available with more than 100 majors as well as 180 postgraduate programmes.
In total, there are 19 faculties: Mathematics and Informatics; Physics; Chemistry; Biology; Geography; Geology and Geophysics; Business and Administration; Law; History; Sociology; Psychology and Education Sciences; Political Sciences; Philosophy; Journalism; Letters; Foreign Languages and Literature; Orthodox; Roman-Catholic; and Baptist Theology. There are also 21 doctoral schools.
The university’s stated priority areas of research are: the environment, new materials, and cognitive sciences.
Spread throughout the city, it is difficult to pinpoint the exact boundaries of the university campus. However, its two main buildings are considered to be the Old Building, situated in University Square, housing many of the faculties, and the Kogălniceanu Building, which is near the Opera House.
The Carol 1 Central University Library, which dates back to 1865, was the first large university library in Romania to introduce an integrated computer system. It now has an integrated system with fourteen branches around the university all functioning within its faculties.
UB has partnerships with a number of European and international organisations. For example, it is a member of the Association of Universities in European Capitals, Central Eastern European University Network, and the European University Association, among others.
It has over 300 ERASMUS agreements with foreign universities with hundreds of students travelling overseas every year and many incoming. Roughly 200 agreements with foreign universities allow conferences, research courses and special lectures to take place at the university each year.
The University of Bucharest is one of sixteen public research universities in the Romanian capital.