It isn’t difficult to see why Italy is an increasingly popular place to study. After all, it is the home of the University of Bologna, believed to be the worlds’ oldest university.
Italy’s journey through history has been far from smooth but it has left the country with one of the richest and most diverse cultures on earth, an amalgamation of the different customs and traditions of its 20 individual regions.
Situated in the heart of southern Europe, Italy is a stone’s throw from a number of major European cities as well as hosting its own diverse landscape. From the alpine pistes in the north to the Mediterranean beaches in the south, you could be forgiven for thinking you’d crossed international borders every time you pass into a new region.
Italy is home to more UNESCO World Heritage Sites than any other nation in the world. These attractions, alongside Italy’s world-famous cuisine, phenomenal historical legacy and endless culture are just a handful of reasons why it is consistently among the world’s most visited countries each year.
If you think Italy sounds like a good destination for your studies, read on to find out about some of the country’s best institution based on the Times Higher Education World University Ranking 2019.
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Each of Italy’s major towns and cities plays host to university, most of which are state-funded. However, there are also private universities in Italy as well as superior graduate schools which are specifically focused on teaching and research at graduate level and above.
There are four main types of qualification in the Italian higher education system. The first and most basic is the three-year laurea – the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree.
The Laurea Magistrale is comprised of the three-year laurea followed by an additional two years of study, which makes it the equivalent of a master’s degree. Then there’s the Laurea magistrale a ciclo unico, which is a five- or six-year course only awarded in some fields – including veterinary medicine, architecture and law – which is similar to an integrated master’s degree because there is no separation between the bachelor’s and master’s parts to the qualification.
Finally there’s the Dottorato di ricerea, a doctoral program primarily offered in superior graduate schools.
Top 5 universities in Italy
Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna is a public university specialising in applied sciences.
The university has a rigorous entrance exam and if students are able to achieve top marks and demonstrate proficiency in two languages they are able to study for free. Due to this the student population is very small with fewer than 1,000 students attending the university.
The fields of study at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna are business sciences, economic sciences, legal sciences, political sciences, agricultural sciences, medical sciences, industrial engineering and information engineering.
The university was founded in 1810 as a twin institution of the École Normale Supérieure in Paris.
It offers programmes in both the humanities and sciences and it still operates from its original building, Palazzo della Carovana, in the medieval centre of Pisa.
The University of Bologna, founded in 1088 is believed to be the world’s first and oldest university.
This university is still held in very high regard and has campuses in Bologna, Cesena, Forli, Ravenna and Rimini, and including the international campus in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Bologna can feel like a university town – there’s a varied nightlife and a lot of live music, from classical opera to modern DJs and bands.
The University of Bologna is also responsible for the Bologna Process, which is a series of agreements between European countries with the aim of ensuring cooperation and comparability between the higher education systems of Europe.
In line with the university’s ample contributions over the years, its long list of alumni includes Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Beckett, a number of Popes, Nobel Prize-winning inventor and engineer Guglielmo Marconi and even Enzo Ferrari and Giorgio Armani, founders of their eponymous worldwide brands.
The University of Padua was founded in 1222 as a school of law. It is the second-oldest university in Italy and the world's fifth oldest-surviving university.
The university is made up of 32 departments and eight schools. It is also home to a university hospital, one museum, a library, a school of excellence and 14 halls of residence.
The University of Padua is part of a network of historical research universities known as the Coimbra Group. Other universities that are part of this network are the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge, Heidelberg University, KU Leuven and the University of Salamanca.
A fairly young university having been founded in 1996, the teaching is structured across three departments: medicine, philosophy and psychology.
The mission of Vita-Salute San Raffaele University is to answer to the question "Quid est homo" which means "What is the man?", stemming from the belief that humans are biologically, psychologically and spiritually unique.
In 2015, the institute became part of the Gruppo San Donato, the first hospital group in Italy.
The university is situated in the vibrant city of Milan.
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Click each institution to view its full World University Rankings 2019 results
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