Best universities in Europe 2016

Times Higher Education World University Rankings data reveal the top 200 universities in Europe
March 10 2016

The UK has topped a ranking of the 200 best universities in Europe, taking nearly a quarter of places (46).

The universities of Oxford and Cambridge and Imperial College London achieved the highest scores of all higher education institutions in the continent, based on the data and methodology used to compile the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015-2016.

Best European universities by country

- Best universities in the UK
- Best universities in France
- Best universities in Germany
Best universities in the Netherlands

The rest of the top five is filled by Switzerland’s ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich and the UK’s University College London (UCL).

Institutions were measured on their teaching environment, research environment, citations (research influence), industry income and international outlook.

- See the best universities in the United States
- An in-depth look at Europe's university universe
- View the full World University Rankings 2015-2016 methodology
Best universities in Canada
Best universities in Australia
 Best universities in South America

Germany is the second most-represented nation in the list of the top universities in Europe, with 36 institutions, almost a third of which (11) are in the top 50. The top university in Germany is LMU Munich in 10th place.

While Italy boasts 19 universities, its top-ranked institution – Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa – only just makes the top 50.

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Elsewhere in Europe, Scandinavian countries perform well, with Sweden and Finland punching above their weight relative to their population size with 11 and six institutions respectively. Sweden’s top university – Karolinska Institute – is in ninth place while Finland’s University of Helsinki makes the top 30 (joint 28).

Other strong performers relative to population size include Denmark (six universities – led by the University of Copenhagen at 33rd), the Republic of Ireland (six – led by Trinity College Dublin at 78th) and Switzerland (nine).

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The east and south of Europe however generally score poorly in the ranking. Russia underperforms in the table, with just five institutions in the top 200 and one in the top 100 (Lomonosov Moscow State University at 79th) making it the lowest-ranked country relative to its population and GDP, although it ranks highly relative to its GDP per capita. Meanwhile Spain has only five universities, topped by Autonomous University of Barcelona at 70th, and is the second-lowest country when ranked in relation to its GDP.

Overall 22 countries are represented in the top 200 list, which draws upon data from the 800 universities from 70 countries in the overall THE World University Rankings.

Best universities in Europe 2016: top 200

Click each institution to view its full World University Rankings 2015-2016 results

Rank Institution Country
1 University of Oxford UK
2 University of Cambridge UK
3 Imperial College London UK
4 ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich Switzerland
5 University College London (UCL) UK
6 London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) UK
7 University of Edinburgh UK
8 King’s College London UK
9 Karolinska Institute Sweden
10 LMU Munich Germany
11 École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Switzerland
12 KU Leuven Belgium
13 Heidelberg University Germany
14 Wageningen University and Research Center Netherlands
15 Humboldt University of Berlin Germany
16 Technical University of Munich Germany
17 École Normale Supérieure France
18 University of Manchester UK
19 University of Amsterdam Netherlands
20 Utrecht University Netherlands
21 Delft University of Technology Netherlands
22 Leiden University Netherlands
23 University of Bristol UK
24 Durham University UK
25 Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands
26 Free University of Berlin Germany
27 University of Groningen Netherlands
=28 University of Glasgow UK
=28 University of Helsinki Finland
30 University of Tübingen Germany
31 University of Warwick UK
32 Uppsala University Sweden
33 University of Copenhagen Denmark
34 University of Freiburg Germany
35 University of St Andrews UK
36 Maastricht University Netherlands
37 Lund University Sweden
38 University of Exeter UK
39 University of Bonn Germany
40 University of Sheffield UK
41 Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) UK
42 University of Göttingen Germany
=43 École Polytechnique France
=43 University of Basel Switzerland
45 University of Zurich Switzerland
=46 Aarhus University Denmark
=46 University of Mannheim Germany
=48 RWTH Aachen University Germany
=48 University of Southampton UK
50 Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Italy
51 Pierre and Marie Curie University France
52 Ghent University Belgium
53 University of Birmingham UK
54 University of Bern Switzerland
55 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Germany
=56 Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands
=56 University of Münster Germany
58 Royal Holloway, University of London UK
59 Lancaster University UK
=60 University of Geneva Switzerland
=60 University of York UK
62 University of Leeds UK
63 University of Oslo Norway
64 Stockholm University Sweden
65 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany
66 University of Sussex UK
67 University of Vienna Austria
68 University of Nottingham UK
69 University of Lausanne Switzerland
70 Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
=71 University of East Anglia UK
=71 University of Twente Netherlands
73 VU University Amsterdam Netherlands
74 KTH Royal Institute of Technology Sweden
75 University of Cologne Germany
76 University of Liverpool UK
77 TU Dresden Germany
78 Trinity College Dublin Republic of Ireland
79 Lomonosov Moscow State University Russian Federation
=80 Pompeu Fabra University Spain
=80 University of Reading UK
=82 Technical University of Denmark Denmark
=82 Université Catholique de Louvain Belgium
=82 University of Leicester UK
85 University of Aberdeen UK
86 University of Barcelona Spain
87 University of Konstanz Germany
=88 Eindhoven University of Technology Netherlands
=88 University College Dublin Republic of Ireland
=90 Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna Italy
=90 University of Gothenburg Sweden
=92 Cardiff University UK
=92 University of Bergen Norway
=94 University of Dundee UK
=94 University of Würzburg Germany
96 Paris-Sud University France
97 University of Antwerp Belgium
98 Ulm University Germany
99 University of Luxembourg Luxembourg
100 Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin Germany
=101-110 Birkbeck, University of London UK
  École Normale Supérieure de Lyon France
  Goethe University Frankfurt Germany
  Newcastle University UK
  Paris Diderot University – Paris 7 France
  Queen’s University Belfast UK
  St George’s, University of London UK
  University of Duisburg-Essen Germany
  University of Stuttgart Germany
  University of Trento Italy
=111-120 Joseph Fourier University France
  Medical University of Vienna Austria
  Peter the Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University  Russian Federation
  Polytechnic University of Milan Italy
  Royal Veterinary College UK
  Technical University of Darmstadt Germany
  Tilburg University Netherlands
  University of Bologna Italy
  University of Fribourg Switzerland
  University of Kiel Germany
=121-130 Aalborg University Denmark
  Aalto University Finland
  Bielefeld University Germany
  Chalmers University of Technology Sweden
  Copenhagen Business School Denmark
  Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz Germany
  Paris Descartes University France
  Sapienza University of Rome Italy
  Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Sweden
  Vienna University of Technology Austria
=131-140 Aix-Marseille University France
  Bayreuth University Germany
  Linköping University Sweden
  National University of Ireland, Galway Republic of Ireland
  Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Republic of Ireland
  Tomsk Polytechnic University Russian Federation
  University of Bath UK
  University of Iceland Iceland
  University of Liège Belgium
  University of Surrey UK
=141-150 Justus Liebig University Giessen Germany
  Ruhr University Bochum Germany
  Technical University of Dortmund Germany
  Umeå University Sweden
  University of Bordeaux France
  University of Hohenheim Germany
  University of Innsbruck Austria
  University of Padua Italy
  University of Southern Denmark Denmark
  University of Strasbourg France
  University of Trieste Italy
  University of Turku Finland
=151-160 Bangor University UK
  Kazan Federal University Russian Federation
  Montpellier University France
  Plymouth University UK
  University of Essex UK
  University of Milan Italy
  University of Turin Italy
  Vrije Universiteit Brussel Belgium
=161-170 Aberystwyth University UK
  Autonomous University of Madrid Spain
  Leibniz University of Hanover Germany
  National Research Nuclear University MePhI Russian Federation
  Örebro University Sweden
  Toulouse 1 Capitole University France
  University of Bremen Germany
  University of Kent UK
  University of Naples Federico II Italy
  University of Navarra Spain
  University of Pavia Italy
  VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava Czech Republic
=171-180 Loughborough University UK
  Université Libre de Bruxelles Belgium
  University of Crete Greece
  University of Florence Italy
  University of Greifswald Germany
  University of Milan-Bicocca Italy
  University of Stirling UK
  Verona University Italy
=181-190 Instituto Superior Técnico Lisboa Portugal
  Panthéon-Sorbonne University – Paris 1 France
  Polytechnic University of Turin Italy
  Swansea University UK
  UiT The Arctic University of Norway Norway
  University College Cork Republic of Ireland
  University of Cyprus Cyprus
  University of Eastern Finland Finland
  University of Jyväskylä Finland
  University of Tartu Estonia
=191-200 Graz University of Technology Austria
  Lille 2 University – Health and Law France
  National University of Ireland, Maynooth Republic of Ireland
  Norwegian University of Science and Technology Norway
  University of Kaiserslautern Germany
  University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Italy
  University of Oulu Finland
  University of Rome II – Tor Vergata Italy
  University of Rome III Italy
  University of St Gallen Switzerland

View the full results of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015-2016

Note: Data are drawn from the World University Rankings 2015-2016 © THE For the top 100 institutions we have provided detailed scores to one decimal place. For those ranked 101-200 we have banded universities in ventiles (5 percentile groups) and provided the scores as a range for that group, listing the universities in alphabetical order within ranges.

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