, released on 26 September 2018, has revealed the world's top universities. Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2019
For the second time, two UK universities have taken the top spots; the
University of Oxford takes first place while the University of Cambridge climbs two places into second position.
In total, 86 countries are represented in the ranking and 25 of these have at least one university in the top 200.
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Both in terms of the overall ranking and the highest positions, the US and the UK are well represented. Japan and China are among the best represented countries in the ranking but they fall behind other nations such as Germany and the Netherlands for universities in the top 200.
The results are calculated using 13 performance indicators underlying five metrics: research, teaching, research influence, industry income and international outlook. The full methodology can be found
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One of the most prestigious universities in the UK has come out on top on for the third year running.
University of Oxford is the oldest university in the UK and one of the best known in the world.
There are more than 20,000 students at Oxford, with an almost equal number of undergraduates and postgraduates.
About 95 per cent of Oxford graduates are either employed or in postgraduate study within six months of leaving.
Admission is extremely competitive; on average the university receives five applications for every place.
The university employs staff from just under 100 different countries and foreign citizens make up about 40 per cent of the student and academic body.
Dispelling the myths around elite universities
University of Cambridge operates a collegiate system, much like the University of Oxford. Almost all of the 18,000 students belong to a college or hall, where they have the option to live, study and sleep on site.
There are 31 colleges and 150 academic departments at Cambridge.
The university has a long and prestigious history dating back to 1209, when scholars in Oxford fled to Cambridge after clashes with local people.
Many famous politicians, cultural figures and scientists spent time in Cambridge, including Isaac Newton and John Harvard, who would go on to found
Every college has unique traditions and all students matriculate in a formal ceremony when arriving at the university.
Life at the University of Cambridge
Stanford has generated many start-ups and entrepreneurs and was partly responsible for the development of the surrounding Silicon Valley.
Many students go on to achieve great things and 31 Nobel laureates are currently affiliated with Stanford.
The large campus is home to 97 per cent of undergraduates and nearly 700 university buildings, alongside museums, gardens and recreational centres.
There are just under 7,000 undergraduates and 9,000 graduates at the university, with a 7:1 student-to-staff ratio.
Research at Stanford has a $1.22 billion budget and more than 5,000 of the projects are externally funded.
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Massachusetts Institute of Technology was founded in the middle of 19th century and has always endeavoured to provide financial aid to students on a needs basis.
The very first architecture classes anywhere in the US were taught at MIT. The first female student, Ellen Swallow Richards, was admitted to the chemistry department in 1871.
Just two years later, the first international student – from Canada – graduated from MIT.
The campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts, includes 18 student residences, many gardens and public works of art.
Admission to the university is extremely selective; only 8 per cent of applicants won a place in the graduating class of 2019.
Graduates are employed by top companies, including Google, Amazon and Apple.
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One of the most striking features of Caltech is its unusually small size; only about 1,000 undergraduates and 1,250 postgraduates are enrolled there. The college boasts a high student-to-staff ratio.
Caltech aims to foster an interdisciplinary environment in which students learn about and tackle the most challenging and fundamental scientific or technological problems.
The institution was founded as Throop University in 1891. It assumed its current name in 1920.
There were 6,506 applicants for the entry class graduating in 2019 and 99 per cent of the students accepted across all years were in the top 10 per cent of their high school class.
More than half of Caltech students receive need-based financial support. The average financial aid package is $38,983 (£29,890).
Caltech’s mascot is a beaver, “nature’s engineer”.
Among the unusual features of the university are the customary cookie break taken every Thursday by physicists and their students and the university’s status as a distributor of olive oil.
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Top 200 universities in the world 2019
Click each institution to view its full
World University Rankings 2019 results
WUR Rank 2019
WUR Rank 2018
University of Oxford United Kingdom
University of Cambridge United Kingdom
Stanford University United States
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
California Institute of Technology United States
Harvard University United States
Princeton University United States
Yale University United States
Imperial College London United Kingdom
University of Chicago United States
ETH Zurich Switzerland
Johns Hopkins University United States
University of Pennsylvania United States
UCL United Kingdom
University of California, Berkeley United States
Columbia University United States
University of California, Los Angeles United States
Duke University United States
Cornell University United States
University of Michigan
University of Toronto Canada
Tsinghua University China
National University of Singapore Singapore
Carnegie Mellon University United States
Northwestern University United States
London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom
New York University United States
University of Washington United States
University of Edinburgh United Kingdom
University of California, San Diego United States
Peking University China
LMU Munich Germany
University of Melbourne Australia
Georgia Institute of Technology United States
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland
University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
University of British Columbia Canada
King’s College London United Kingdom
University of Texas at Austin United States
Karolinska Institute Sweden
Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris France
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
The University of Tokyo
University of Wisconsin-Madison United States
McGill University Canada
Technical University of Munich Germany
Heidelberg University Germany
KU Leuven Belgium
Australian National University Australia
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign United States
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Singapore
University of California, Santa Barbara United States
Brown University United States
Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
Washington University in St Louis United States
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill United States
University of Manchester United Kingdom
Delft University of Technology Netherlands
University of California, Davis United States
University of Sydney Australia
Wageningen University & Research Netherlands
University of Amsterdam Netherlands
Seoul National University South Korea
Kyoto University Japan
University of Southern California United States
Humboldt University of Berlin Germany
Leiden University Netherlands
University of Queensland Australia
Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands
University of Minnesota Twin Cities United States
Ohio State University United States
Sorbonne University France
Boston University United States
Utrecht University Netherlands
University of Freiburg Germany
McMaster University Canada
University of Bristol United Kingdom
University of Groningen Netherlands
University of Warwick United Kingdom
Pennsylvania State University United States
University of Maryland, College Park United States
Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) South Korea
Emory University United States
Monash University Australia
Rice University United States
RWTH Aachen University Germany
Uppsala University Sweden
University of Tübingen Germany
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin Germany
University of Montreal Canada
University of Zurich Switzerland
University of Glasgow United Kingdom
Michigan State University United States
University of Science and Technology of China China
University of California, Irvine United States
University of New South Wales
Lund University Sweden
Dartmouth College United States
University of Helsinki Finland
Zhejiang University China
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) South Korea
University of Basel Switzerland
Free University of Berlin Germany
Fudan University China
University of Sheffield United Kingdom
University of Virginia United States
École Polytechnique France
Georgetown University United States
University of Bern Switzerland
University of Bonn Germany
City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
University of Pittsburgh
University of Colorado Boulder United States
Durham University United Kingdom
University of Birmingham United Kingdom
University of Copenhagen Denmark
University of Southampton United Kingdom
University of York United Kingdom
Trinity College Dublin Republic of Ireland
University of Oslo Norway
Vanderbilt University United States
Aarhus University Denmark
Arizona State University United States
University of Göttingen Germany
University of Mannheim Germany
Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands
Université Catholique de Louvain Belgium
Maastricht University Netherlands
Queen Mary University of London United Kingdom
Technical University of Berlin Germany
University of Alberta Canada
Case Western Reserve University United States
University of Western Australia Australia
Nanjing University China
University of Adelaide Australia
University of Geneva Switzerland
University of Hamburg Germany
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany
Pompeu Fabra University Spain
University of Exeter United Kingdom
Pohang University of Science and Technology
Ghent University Belgium
University of Vienna Austria
Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
University of Cologne Germany
Indiana University United States
Lancaster University United Kingdom
University of Nottingham United Kingdom
Ulm University Germany
TU Dresden Germany
Tufts University United States
University of Leeds United Kingdom
Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna
Stockholm University Sweden
University of Cape Town South Africa
University of Florida United States
University of Aberdeen United Kingdom
University of Arizona United States
University of Würzburg Germany
Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Italy
University of Sussex United Kingdom
University of Rochester United States
Technical University of Denmark Denmark
University of St Andrews United Kingdom
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Netherlands
University of California, Santa Cruz United States
Eindhoven University of Technology Netherlands
University of Leicester United Kingdom
National Taiwan University Taiwan
Newcastle University United Kingdom
Texas A&M University United States
University of Notre Dame United States
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Germany
University of Lausanne Switzerland
University of Ottawa Canada
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey United States
University of Alabama at Birmingham United States
University of Bologna Italy
Aalto University Finland
George Washington University United States
University of Liverpool United Kingdom
University of Münster Germany
Northeastern University United States
University of Twente Netherlands
Cardiff University United Kingdom
KTH Royal Institute of Technology Sweden
University of Konstanz Germany
Shanghai Jiao Tong University China
University of Duisburg-Essen Germany
University of East Anglia United Kingdom
Western University Canada
Aalborg University Denmark
Paris Diderot University – Paris 7 France
University of Technology, Sydney
University of Bergen Norway
Korea University South Korea
University of Calgary Canada
Lomonosov Moscow State University Russian Federation
Editor's note: This page was updated on 22 November 2018 to reflect minor changes in the positions of a small number of universities. More information can be found here.
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