It is striking that still only a few of the world’s top universities are led by women.
In fact, analysis of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2021 reveals that just 41 of the top 200 institutions are currently led by women. What is promising is that this is an increase from the 39 universities led by women last year and now amounts to a fifth of the top 200 universities in the world.
The current number one institution (the University of Oxford) is led by political scientist Louise Richardson, while three of the prestigious Ivy League institutions in the US, the University of Pennsylvania, Cornell University and Brown University, have female leaders.
The US, Germany, Netherlands and the UK are some of the countries with high numbers of female-led institutions.
Below, we take a look at the achievements of the female vice-chancellors of the top 10 universities and the journeys that brought them to where they are now.
1. University of Oxford: Louise Richardson
Louise Richardson has been vice-chancellor of the University of Oxford since January 2016. She was previously principal of the University of St Andrews for seven years – the first woman to occupy this position.
Richardson’s academic focus has been on international security with an emphasis on terrorism, and has taught the world-renowned Harvard undergraduate course in terrorist movements in international relations. She has received teaching awards from the American Political Science Association and from Pi Sigma Alpha for outstanding teaching in political science.
2. University of California, Berkeley: Carol Christ
Carol Christ is the first female chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, having replaced Nicholas B. Dirks in July 2017. She was previously the executive vice-chancellor and provost of Berkeley between 1994 and 2000. She then became president of liberal arts institution Smith College for more than a decade before returning to Berkeley. She is a celebrated scholar of Victorian literature.
Since taking on the presidential role at Berkeley, she has worked to target sexual violence and sexual harassment on campus and create a long-term housing plan for students.
3. Imperial College London: Alice Gast
Alice Gast is originally from Houston, Texas, and completed her undergraduate degree in chemical engineering at the University of Southern California and her postgraduate degree at Princeton University.
In 2008, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers named Gast one of the top 100 “Modern Era” engineers in the US in the “Leadership” category.
4. University of Pennsylvania: Amy Gutmann
Amy Gutmann has been president of the University of Pennsylvania since 2004. In 2016 it was announced that her contract will continue until 2022, which will make her the longest-serving president in the institution’s history.
She is an award-winning political theorist and the author of 16 books on politics, ethics, education and philosophy. Gutmann’s presidency centres around three core values: inclusion, innovation and impact. As part of adhering to these values, Gutmann has more than doubled the number of students from low-income, middle-income, and first-generation college families attending Penn, and opened the Penn Center for Innovation in 2014.
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5. Cornell University: Martha E. Pollack
Previously provost of the University of Michigan, Martha E. Pollack was inaugurated as the 14th president of Cornell University in 2017.
Her research specialty is artificial intelligence, to which she has contributed work in planning, natural language processing and activity recognition for cognitive assistance.
While at the University of Michigan, Pollack received the Goddard Power Award for her efforts in increasing the representation of and support for women and under-represented minorities in science and engineering.
6. London School of Economics and Political Science: Minouche Shafik
An economist by background, Minouche Shafik has held a number of positions in international organisations and in government, including the World Bank and the UK’s Department for International Development. She has also held academic appointments at the Wharton Business School at the University of Pennsylvania and at Georgetown University.
She took up her current position as director of the London School of Economics and Political Science in September 2017. She was also named a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2015.
7. University of Washington: Ana Mari Cauce
Ana Mari Cauce is the University of Washington’s first permanent woman president and the first Latina president.
She has been a member of the University of Washington faculty since 1986, became the interim president in March 2015 and was selected to become president in October 2015.
Cauce remains active in the classroom and continues to teach and mentor undergraduate and graduate students. She helped found the university’s Husky Promise, which guarantees full tuition to eligible Washington students who would be unable to attend college otherwise. She also launched the Race and Equity Initiative in 2015 to encourage staff and students to take personal responsibility to combat racism and inequality.
8. King’s College London: Evelyn Welch (interim)
Evelyn Welch is interim president and principal of King’s College London, a position she has held since January 2021 and will hold until June 2021.
Welch graduated from Harvard University with a BA in Renaissance history and literature and received her PhD from the Warburg Institute, University of London. She has taught at a number of institutions in the UK, including the universities of Essex and Sussex. She is also currently the provost/senior vice president (arts and sciences) and professor of Renaissance studies at King’s College London.
9. McGill University: Suzanne Fortier
Suzanne Fortier has served as the principal and vice-chancellor of McGill University since 2013. Her research work focuses on crystallography and artificial intelligence, and she has held positions at the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and at Queen’s University in Canada.
She has received many awards for her contribution to science, including the 1997 Clara Benson award for distinguished contribution to chemistry by a woman, and the Queen’s University Distinguished Service Award in 2005.
10. University of Wisconsin-Madison: Rebecca Blank
Prior to taking on the role of chancellor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Rebecca Blank was acting deputy secretary of commerce, deputy secretary of commerce and acting secretary of commerce under the Barack Obama administration.
She was also dean and professor of public policy and economics at the University of Michigan and a member of faculty at Northwestern and Princeton universities.
Blank is the author of numerous books on economics, government social policy programmes and the behaviour and well-being of low-income families.
Top universities led by women in the THE World University Rankings top 200
|Rank||World University Rank 2021||University||Country||Vice-chancellor|
|1||1||University of Oxford||United Kingdom||Louise Richardson|
|2||7||University of California, Berkeley||United States||Carol Christ|
|3||11||Imperial College London||United Kingdom||Alice Gast|
|4||13||University of Pennsylvania||United States||Amy Gutmann|
|5||19||Cornell University||United States||Martha E. Pollack|
|6||27||London School of Economics and Political Science||United Kingdom||Minouche Shafik|
|7||29||University of Washington||United States||Ana Mari Cauce|
|8||35||King’s College London||United Kingdom||Evelyn Welch (interim)|
|9||40||McGill University||Canada||Suzanne Fortier|
|10||49||University of Wisconsin -Madison||United States||Rebecca Blank|
|11||=51||University of Manchester||United Kingdom||Nancy Rothwell|
|12||53||University of Southern California||United States||Carol Folt|
|13||61||Brown University||United States||Christina Paxson|
|14||=62||The University of Queensland||Australia||Deborah Terry|
|15||=62||Wageningen University & Research||Netherlands||Louise Fresco|
|16||=64||Monash University||Australia||Margaret Gardner|
|17||66||University of Amsterdam||Netherlands||Geert ten Dam|
|18||=70||Leiden University||Netherlands||Annetje Ottow|
|19||=80||Humboldt University of Berlin||Germany||Sabine Kunst|
|20||=80||Ohio State University (Main campus)||United States||Kristina Johnson|
|21||83||University of Freiburg||Germany||Kerstin Krieglstein|
|22||=85||University of Minnesota||United States||Joan Gabel|
|23||=92||University of Basel||Switzerland||Andrea Schenker-Wicki|
|24||=98||University of Helsinki||Finland||Sari Lindblom|
|25||116||Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam||Netherlands||Mirjam Van Praag|
|26||130||University of Göttingen||Germany||Valérie Schüller|
|27||=136||University of Paris||France||Christine Clerici|
|28||=147||University of Auckland||New Zealand||Dawn Freshwater|
|29||=147||University of Rochester||United States||Sarah Mangelsdorf|
|30||=152||TU Dresden||Germany||Ursula Staudinger|
|31||=155||University of Cape Town||South Africa||Mamokgethi Phakeng|
|32||=158||University of Nottingham||United Kingdom||Shearer West|
|33||=160||University of Leeds||United Kingdom||Simone Buitendijk|
|34||163||University of Liverpool||United Kingdom||Janet Beer|
|35||=170||Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies – Pisa||Italy||Sabina Nuti|
|36||=174||University of Exeter||United Kingdom||Lisa Roberts|
|37||=178||Paris-Saclay University||France||Sylvie Retailleau|
|38||183||Stockholm University||Sweden||Astrid Söderbergh Widding|
|39||186||Queensland University of Technology||Australia||Margaret Sheil|
|40||=191||University of Gothenburg||Sweden||Eva Wiburg|
|41||=191||University of Lausanne||Switzerland||Nouria Hernandez|
Note: The analysis was based on the university leader in post on 8 February 2021.