This year's new year honours list has been dogged by more controversy than ever, with mounting pressure on the government to open up the secretive process under which worthy recipients can be blackballed for gongs.
Nothing exemplified this more than the case of Medical Research Council chief Colin Blakemore, passed over for a knighthood because, his defenders claimed, of his outspoken defence of medically linked experimentation on animals.
But higher and further education did well this year with a haul of eight knighthoods, three dames, 20 CBEs, 36 OBEs and 28 MBEs.
Robert Boyd , formerly pro vice-chancellor, University of London, and former principal of St George's Hospital Medical School, for services to medicine. John Brady , BP professor of information engineering, Oxford University, for services to engineering. Alasdair Breckenridge , chairman of the Committee on Safety of Medicines, for services to medicine. John Enderby , senior research fellow and emeritus professor, Bristol University, for services to science and technology. Martin Evans , professor of mammalian genetics and director, Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, for services to medical science. Bob Hepple , QC, former master, Clare College, Cambridge, for services to legal studies. Bernard O'Connell , principal and chief executive, Runshaw College, for services to further education. John Taylor , director-general of Research Councils, for services to scientific research.
ORDER OF THE BATH DCB
Peter Lauener , director, Learning Delivery and Standards Group, Department for Education and Skills.
ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE, CIVIL GBE
Sir Cyril Taylor , for services to education.
Alexandra Burslem , vice-chancellor, Manchester Metropolitan University, for services to higher education. Sandra Dawson , director, Judge Institute of Management Studies, Cambridge, and master, Sidney Sussex College, for services to higher education and management research. Pauline Harris , for charitable services, especially in education and health.
Maureen Baker , honorary secretary, Royal College of General Practitioners and director of Primary Care, National Patient Safety Agency, for services to medicine. Stephen Bann , professor of the history of art, Bristol, for services to the history of art. Keith Burnett , FRS chairman of physics, University of Oxford, for services to physics. Frances Cairncross , chair, Economic and Social Research Council, for services to social sciences. Jon Clark , chair, Police Negotiating Board and Police Advisory Board for England and Wales, for services to the police. John Collinge , professor of neurology, University College London, for services to medical research. Raymond Cowell , lately vice-chancellor, Nottingham Trent University, for services to higher education. Gwilym Edwards , head, department of veterinary clinical science, University of Liverpool, for services to veterinary science. David Gibson , lately chief executive, Association of Colleges, for services to education. Keith Gull , Wellcome Trust principal research fellow, Oxford, for services to microbiology. Andrew Lorimer , lately president, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, for services to medicine. Richard Milburn , lately professor of community education, University of Strathclyde, for services to community education and young people. Charles Perrin , for charitable services, especially to health and education in London. Philip Rees , for services to human geography. Bernard Ribeiro , consultant general surgeon, Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Trust, for services to medicine. Christopher Robinson , organist, director of music and fellow, St John's College, Cambridge, for services to music. Lynne Sedgemore , principal and chief executive, Guildford College, for services to higher education. Robert Leon Souhami , medical oncologist and researcher, for services to medicine. Barry Stephen Townsley , for charitable services, especially to education and the arts. Martin Turner , principal research fellow, University of Leicester, for services to X-ray astronomy. Robe rt (Robin) Williams , lately vice-chancellor, University of Wales, for services to education and to the community in Swansea.
Eileen Baker , lately principal, Bishop Grosseteste College, Lincoln, for services to higher education. John Bateman , chief executive, UK Youth, for services to young people. Denys Brunsden , chairman, Dorset Coast Forum, for services to geoconservation and to geomorphology. Robin Butlin , lately professor of historical geography, University of Leeds, for services to geography. Judith Chessells , for services to leukaemia research. Marjorie Chibnall , medieval historian, Clare Hall , Cambridge, for services to history. Catherine Cole , lately principal, Hereward College of Further Education, Coventry, for services to education for disabled people. Joyce Connon , Scottish secretary, Workers' Educational Association, for services to adult education. Christopher Damerell , Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, for services to particle physics research. Charles Desforges , emeritus professor of education, University of Exeter, for services to education. Meirion Rhys Evans , clinical senior lecturer, University of Wales College of Medicine, for services to the World Health Organisation in China and to the Hong Kong government during the Sars outbreak. David Farrington , professor of psychological criminology, Institute of Criminology, Cambridge, for services to criminology. Janet Ford , pro vice-chancellor, York University, for services to housing. Judith Wordsworth George , deputy director, Open University, Scotland, for services to higher education. William Grady , principal, Isle of Wight College, for services to education. Ian Graham , principal, John Wheatley College, Glasgow, for services to further education and to community development. Vivien Griffiths , vice-chair, Reading Agency, for services to libraries and lifelong learning in Birmingham. Roy Harrison , the Queen Elizabeth II Birmingham Centenary professor of environmental health, University of Birmingham, for services to environmental science. Mary Henry , nursing consultant, for services to nursing in Scotland. William Hill, FRS, FRSE, emeritus professor of animal genetics, University of Edinburgh, for services to science and the livestock industry. Celia Hoyles , professor of mathematics education, Institute of Education, University of London, for services to education. John Humphreys , acting director of employment relations, Royal College of Nursing, for services to the NHS. Colin Johnson , director, Techniquest, for services to science. Richard Johnstone , director, Scottish Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research, for services to modern languages education. Maurice Keen , emeritus fellow in medieval history, Balliol College, Oxford, for services to history. Ian Keitch , consultant forensic psychiatrist, for services to mental health and public safety. Gordon Kirk , lately vice-principal, Edinburgh, for services to teacher education. Elizabeth Miller , head of immunisation department, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Health Protection Agency, for services to public health medicine. Raymond Moore , principal, Stoke-on-Trent College, for services to further education. John Moverley , principal and chief executive, Myerscough College, Preston, for services to further education. Dora Kwatiorkor Opoku , head of department of midwifery, City University, London, for services to midwifery. Monder Ram , professor of small business, De Montfort University, Leicester, for services to black and ethnic minority businesses. Sue Richards , professor of public management, Birmingham, for services to public leadership. Margaret Stanley , professor of epithelial biology, Cambridge, for services to virology. Sarah Walters , senior lecturer in public health and epidemiology, Birmingham, for services to medicine.
Michael Caplin , head glassblower, chemistry department, Southampton University, for services to glassblowing. William Chapman , agronomist, Scottish Agricultural College, for services to agriculture. Roger Cook , for services to scientific research in the agricultural research sector. Gladys Davis , receptionist, Edinburgh, for services to education. Seamus Donnelly , area adviser, Scottish Agricultural College Advisory Service, for services to farming and to the community in Wigtownshire. James Duncan , lately scientist at the Scottish Crop Research Institute, for services to agriculture and biological research. Zita Eckett , deputy registrar, Southampton Institute, for services to higher education. James Gibson , champion swimmer, student at Loughborough University. Derek Giles , lately musical instruments technician at Aberdeen University. Michael Goodridge , governor of Godalming College. Patricia Grayburn , head of arts programme at Surrey University, for services to the arts. John Green , for services to the South Downs Planetarium and Science Centre. Thomas Heller , for services to agricultural and horticultural research. Nigel Jones , training programme manager, National Specialist Law Enforcement Centre, for services to the police. Judith Keay , head of student services, Kent Institute of Art and Design, for services to education. Dawne Laming , science technician at Sheffield College, for services to education. Donald MacKerron , consultant environmental physiologist and formerly at Dundee University, for services to agricultural and biological research. Austin Matthews , director, Engineering Education Scheme for Wales, for services to education business links. Ruth McCartney , director of music, Methodist College, Belfast, for services to education. Alfred McCreary , journalist, formerly at Queen's University, Belfast, for services to journalism and charity in Northern Ireland. Lorraine Moran , deputy head, School of Care Science, Glamorgan University, for services to nursing and higher education. John Murrell , lately postgraduate tutor at Homerton College, Cambridge, for services to higher education. Robert Ollason , head of education at the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, for services to education. Vincent Osgood , programme manager, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, for services to science. Anthony Perch , for services to Guildhall School of Music and Drama. Samuel Ruscoe , farm foreman, Harper Adams University College, for services to agricultural education. Elizabeth Jones Stanger , chair, adult education, West Kilbride Community Association, for services to adult education. Philip Stell , honorary research associate, Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, for services to history.
DIPLOMATIC SERVICE AND OVERSEAS LIST
ORDER OF THE BATH
John Beddington , for services to fisheries science and management, especially in the south Atlantic. Roger John Cashmore , for services to international cooperation in particle physics.
ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE
Timothy Berners-Lee , for services to global development of the internet.
Arthur Dashwood , for services to European law and to the Convention on the Future of Europe. Terence Quinn , former director, International Bureau of Weights and Measures. Malcolm Rogers , director, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, for services to the arts in the UK and the US.
Rajiv Ratnakar Bendre , director Sierra Leone, British Council.
Liliana Sztejnbis-Jafar Biglou , director Ukraine, British Council.
Christopher Brown , formerly director, West and South Europe, British Council. Gordon Cameron, for services to the UK biotechnology industry in the US.
... AND OMISSIONS
Roderick Floud , who completed his term as president of UUK in July.
Clive Granger , who won the 2003 Nobel prize in economics.
John Harwood , who retired as chief executive, the Learning and Skills Council, in September.
Tony Higgins , who retired as chief executive of the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service.
Anthony Leggett , who won the 2003 Nobel prize in physics.
Colin Pillinger , driving force behind 2003's Beagle 2 mission to Mars.