People of the year: who mattered in higher education in 2019

Times Higher Education journalists name the academics and administrators who have shaped the debate in the past 12 months

December 17, 2019
Rocky Tuan
Source: Shutterstock

Rocky Tuan, vice-chancellor, Chinese University of Hong Kong

While all Hong Kong university leaders have been caught up in the ongoing protests, nobody has stood up for his campus and students with quite the tenacity of Rocky Tuan.

News images showed him venturing into what looked like a war zone in mid-November as he tried to negotiate a peaceful resolution between protesters and police fighting on the campus of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

“Vice-chancellor Tuan and university staff, please leave immediately. This is not a time for negotiation or dialogue,” the police said over a megaphone before launching tear gas in his direction.

In the months leading up to that moment, Professor Tuan had reached out to students and listened to their grievances while also calling for an end to violence. He kept up this balancing act despite being criticised by establishment figures.

CUHK was one of the two campuses most damaged in the recent violence. Professor Tuan’s main challenge in 2020 will not be in the classroom or lab, but in rebuilding his university.

Joyce Lau

Nicola Rollock

Nicola Rollock, reader in equity and education, Goldsmiths, University of London

Few voices have been more eloquent than Nicola Rollock’s in pointing to British universities’ continuing problems with race.

Her report for the University and College Union, Staying Power, was the first UK study to focus on “the career experiences of black female professors” and revealed that “a culture of explicit and passive bullying persists across higher education along with racial stereotyping and racial microaggressions”. It also made a number of recommendations to enable institutions to “move towards the radical transformation that is required”.

Dr Rollock has taken her message well beyond the usual policy circles, for example through an article in Vogue titled “We Urgently Need More Black Female Professors in UK Universities”.

She also argued that universities were still “really slow and behind” in tackling broader racial inequalities at the recent THE Live event, adding that “I don’t think the goodwill of the sector is enough with these issues – it needs to be mandated.”

Matthew Reisz

Jane Hutton

Jane Hutton, professor of statistics, University of Warwick

The debate over UK higher education’s biggest pension fund continued to divide the sector during 2019, and in the eye of the storm was Jane Hutton, the board member turned whistleblower on the Universities Superannuation Scheme.

Professor Hutton spotted an alleged error in the calculation of the scheme’s much-debated funding shortfall but claimed that she was obstructed in her bid to investigate. Her decision to speak out about it set in train a series of events that led to her suspension and eventual dismissal from the board.

Professor Hutton has vowed to take further action against the USS and to push for the release of the investigation conducted for the scheme. She has also continued to press for greater transparency about the calculation of the deficit, a crusade that has drawn attention to the wider fact that many statistical models on which the public depend lack clarity.

Continuing industrial action means that the debate about the USS will continue to grip UK universities through 2020, and Professor Hutton will remain a key player in the debate.

Anna McKie

Esther Duflo

Esther Duflo, Abdul Latif Jameel professor of poverty alleviation and development economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

This year’s roll call of Nobel prize laureates had a familiar feel in its first week: nine winners for science, all of them men.

The Nobel’s final award was different. In the most male-dominated of disciplines recognised by the committee, Esther Duflo was honoured, which made her only the second woman to win the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics.

In fact, Professor Duflo is the first female economist to win because the only other woman honoured so far – Elinor Ostrom in 2009 – was a political scientist.

The award, which she shared with her husband, fellow MIT professor Abhijit Banerjee, and Harvard University’s Michael Kremer, shone valuable light on the researchers’ experimental approach to alleviating global poverty in India, Kenya, Ghana and Morocco.

However, much attention has inevitably focused on Professor Duflo’s win as a woman. She told Times Higher Education that she hoped her award might attract more women to a field that is traditionally a “macho culture”.

Jack Grove

Michael Ignatieff

Michael Ignatieff, president, Central European University

At a time when universities in many countries are battling authoritarian states and threats to institutional freedom, the Central European University has become a symbol of what can happen to a higher education institution in a backsliding democracy.

Its president, Michael Ignatieff, a human rights expert, has also become an inspirational example of how to lead a university through such turmoil.

When the CEU was forced out of Budapest by the Hungarian government, Professor Ignatieff relocated it to a new campus in Vienna, completing the move in November.

Throughout the long and uncertain process, Professor Ignatieff has also called on European governments to take a stand against authoritarian regimes and for the European Union to implement a more robust definition of academic freedom.

Although the CEU has departed Budapest, Professor Ignatieff’s efforts have ensured that the university will survive and remain a pillar of democracy.

Ellie Bothwell

Gerd Schröder-Turk

Gerd Schröder-Turk, senior lecturer in mathematics and statistics, Murdoch University

To Murdoch University, he is a governing body member who went rogue and tarnished its international reputation.

To journalists, he is part of a trio of whistleblowers who finally stated on the record what they had long been hearing about universities recruiting international students with inadequate language skills.

To academics around the planet, he is the quietly spoken but fiercely principled hero who is being sued for millions because he exercised his academic freedom and spoke up about exploited students, compromised staff and a mental health crisis in the making.

Ongoing court action has temporarily muzzled Murdoch mathematician Gerd Schröder-Turk. But it has not silenced his supporters, some 32,000 of whom have signed a petition demanding that Murdoch drop its legal proceedings and hold a transparent inquiry into the issues he raised. The university has said that it does not comment on legal matters and stated that internal and external reviews have found no evidence to substantiate the allegations.

While Dr Schröder-Turk’s financial future lies under a cloud, no university can afford to ignore his message.

John Ross

Jim Johnsen, president, University of Alaska

In June, Alaska’s  governor, Michael Dunleavy, shocked his university system by announcing a 41 per cent cut in state support.

While the governor took heaps of criticism, blame also fell heavily on the system president, Jim Johnsen, who was accused first of being unprepared for the blow and then of being too heavy-handed in demanding that the system’s 16 campuses contract into a single accredited unit.

Dr Johnsen fought back firmly and directly. He admitted that there was some bloat in the university system but also condemned the governor’s funding cut as wildly excessive, and he urged the consolidation as part of what he considered an act of prudent planning.

It seems to have worked. Feeling the pressure that Dr Johnsen helped to generate, the governor restored half the cut and agreed to spread it over three years.

Much damage has been done, and much work remains, but the University of Alaska is finding places to economise, securing new private donors and keeping its prized but once-threatened Arctic research operations.

Paul Basken

Baroness Wolf

Baroness Wolf, Sir Roy Griffiths professor of public sector management, King’s College London

Ministers are “increasingly aware that they are not actually getting as much bang for their buck as they had hoped for” from the expansion of English higher education – that the expected productivity and social mobility benefits are missing, Baroness Wolf of Dulwich said this year.

No one has been more influential than Lady Wolf in persuading key figures in Westminster to back this belief. She was the driving force on the government’s review of post-18 education, which reported this year. While the review’s plans for university funding have thus far failed to find government support, Lady Wolf’s broader thinking has resonated with the Conservative Party following the review.

Her influence is clear in the ultra-sceptical stance on expanded higher education seen in the Tory manifesto (co-authored by her daughter, Rachel Wolf), with its potentially highly significant plans to tackle “low-quality courses”.

John Morgan

Tracey Bretag

Tracey Bretag, director of academic integrity, University of South Australia Business School; Cath Ellis, associate dean (education), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, UNSW Sydney

Contract cheating is an epidemic afflicting the world’s universities, but it is one that governments are now taking action to address, with Australia, the Republic of Ireland and New Zealand among the countries introducing legislation.

The efforts of researchers who have shone a light on the scale of the problem have been vital in prompting such action; and few academics have been more active on the issue than Tracey Bretag and Cath Ellis.

Cath Ellis

Dr Ellis had a blunt message when she addressed THE’s Australia Universities Forum at the University of Sydney in August: “Whether you know about it or not; whether you like it or not; whether you’re doing something about it or not; it is going on in your university.”

Dr Bretag, an acknowledged research leader in the area, has said that universities detect perhaps one-sixth of cheats, arguing that institutional culture change is needed to tackle the problem in a meaningful way.

John Ross

Dame Athene Donald

Dame Athene Donald, master, Churchill College, Cambridge

Improving gender equality and ending sexual harassment reached the top of the policy agenda in higher education sectors around the world during 2019.

But it was not always such a high-profile cause. It has taken long-running advocacy to highlight the importance of this cause, and there have been few more enduring and powerful voices than that of Dame Athene Donald.

At Cambridge, she served as the institution’s gender equality champion, and at a national level she is participating in the independent review of the Athena SWAN charter. All the while, she has also used her blog to push for change.

Her efforts were recognised last month when she was presented with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Times Higher Education Awards. She accepted it with a speech that acknowledged that there was “still such a very long way to go” to achieve equality – and that made a call for attendees to “call out” bias and harassment. “If we don’t, we are complicit,” Dame Athene said.

Chris Havergal

Toby Merill
Martha Stewart

Toby Merrill, lecturer on law, Harvard University

When US education secretary Betsy DeVos was held in contempt of a federal court in October for allowing her department to illegally collect the debts of thousands of for-profit college students, the victory belonged to nobody more than Toby Merrill.

Back in 2012, the Harvard Law School graduate was working with victims of predatory mortgage lenders, and she saw that she was not only aiding individuals but also helping to push necessary policy changes.

It was then that Ms Merrill decided to create the Project on Predatory Student Lending. Now with 12 staff members, the project pursues work that included uncovering the Education Department’s loan collection actions against thousands of students of the failed Corinthian College chain – despite a federal law that specifically allows such students a loan discharge if they were defrauded by their institution.

In a profile this summer in the Harvard Law Bulletin, Ms Merrill said she was just looking to create a “more fair and just society”.

Paul Basken

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Reader's comments (4)

I arrived in Hong Kong the year the Chinese University was founded well over half a century ago. I have watched closely and at times personally participated in its growth and steady international recognition. It therefore has been painful to helplessly watch the university's once fine reputation evaporate almost overnight when its local students this year became more and more politicized, then radicalized as acceptable levels of protest morphed into outright defiance, campus-wide hysteria, rioting and daily acts of wanton destruction against fellow students from Mainland China and sadly the much wider Hong Kong community and Government. The Vice Chancellor of the university and his fellow administrators exhibited nothing close to the mature leadership expected of them and gave-in to outrageous student behavior at every turn which of course encouraged an even greater escalation of violence and anarchy. Now at a time when The Chinese University needs to find a new, more capable Vice Chancellor who can begin to rebuild and heal this once strong educational institution, your esteemed publication decides to pat Rocky Tuan on the back and laud him for a job well done. Such a decision defies logic but probably is in part the result of the slanted and biased overseas reporting emanating from Hong Kong these past months. At the moment an undergraduate degree from the Chinese University of Hong Kong holds diminished value in the eyes of potential marketplace employers. New leadership is required to rebuild confidence in the quality of education on offer at CUHK and the quality of the students seeking it .
I fully agree with duohua3_gmail_com on his/her comment. I believe the nomination of Prof. Tuan of CUHK only reflects the opinions from one side and encourages those who were very violent (including many CUHK students) in HK protests. Law applies to everybody, no matter you are the leader or the student.
duohua3 and CleverJames - Thank you for reading and for your comments. These academics were chosen because they "shaped the debate" in 2019. The short features round up major newsmakers from the past 12 months, but are not meant as some sort of awards. In Asia, the biggest news story was the Hong Kong unrest, and Professor Tuan was the most prominent academic trying to balance the terrible violence from both sides. Let's hope Hong Kong universities have a more peaceful 2020. Joyce
Dear Joyce, Did you live in HK at the time? Do you seriously think Rocky Tuan was “trying to balance the terrible violence from both sides”? By readily lapping up the false allegations of his students of sexual assault by the police in detention centres, he fanned the flames on the campus of the CU. Tuan was either a political opportunist or simply too gullible to be the head of CU. And violence on both sides? In western countries, there would have been serious casualties among the riotous students who were threw fire bombs at the police. If Rocky Tuan really “mattered” in higher education in HK in 2019, it’s only because he single-handedly brought down the CU. Shame.