Grant winners - 26 February 2015

February 26, 2015

Arts and Humanities Research Council

Leadership Fellowships

Constructing authority in international law

Most unusual measures: British approaches to covert activity, 1945-68


National Institute for Health Research

Health Technology Assessment Programme

Electronically delivered, multi-component interventions to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing in primary care. A cluster randomised trial using electronic health records (eCRT2)

Antibiotics for lower respiratory tract infection in children presenting in primary care (ARTIC PC)

Public Health Research programme

Long-term weight-loss trajectories in participants in a randomised controlled trial of a weight management and healthy lifestyle programme for men delivered through professional football clubs: the Football Fans in Training follow-up


Leverhulme Trust

Major Research Fellowships

Pierre Soulages: radical abstraction

The twelve Caesars

Criminal justice and the blaming relation

Research Project Grants

Nanoparticle interactions in freeze-concentrated aqueous solutions

In detail

David Moon, University of York

Award winner: David Moon
Institution: University of York
Value: £102,082

The Amerikan Steppes: Russian influences on the Great Plains

This project challenges the perception that the American Great Plains were shaped predominantly by the West by demonstrating the key role that Russian and Ukrainian farming techniques played in their formation. We “tend to think that the West has been the origin of most innovations”, wrote David Moon, anniversary professor in history at the University of York, in the Leverhulme Trust’s newsletter. “The American Plains were shaped by influences from the Russian and Ukrainian steppe [an ecoregion characterised by grassland plains without trees apart from those near water]. When Euro-American settlers ploughed up the Plains from the 1860s, they drew on the prior knowledge of Slav, German and Mennonite settlers on the steppe.” Russians and Americans recognised that the Great Plains and the steppe shared similar environments. The extent to which Russians learned from American experience, for example of mechanisation, has been well researched. This project focuses on the other side of the story. “From the 1870s, ethnic German farmers from the Volga region of Russia and Mennonites from southern Ukraine migrated to the Great Plains,” continued Professor Moon. “Their crops and farming techniques proved well suited to the Plains environment, and were adopted by other farmers.”

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