Grant winners – 25 May 2017

This week’s round-up of academics awarded research council funding

May 25, 2017
Grant winners tab on folder

Natural Environment Research Council

Flood-PREPARED: predicting rainfall events by physical analytics of real-time data


Space weather impact on ground-based systems


Impacts of Criegee intermediate decomposition and reaction with water determined by direct measurements in ozonolysis reactions


Science and Technology Facilities Council

Development on nano-imprint lithography stamps using DRIE PVD tungsten films


  • Award winner: Judith Helen Croston
  • Institution: Open University
  • Value: £100,583

Jet energy injection in galaxy groups and clusters – transfer of CG funding


Particles, fields and extended objects


Economic and Social Research Council

Research grants

Conceptions of violence, friendship and legal consciousness among young people in the context of joint enterprise


Discourses of voluntary action at two “transformational” moments of the welfare state, the 1940s and 2010s


Who experiences or witnesses ASB and in what context?


In detail

Award winner: Alison Grant
Institution: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Value:
£1,704,750

Infection prevention and control for drug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa in the era of decentralised care: a whole systems approach

Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a significant threat to global public health, and is estimated to account for one in four worldwide deaths attributable to antimicrobial resistance. In South Africa, DR-TB transmission within clinics is well documented. More clarity is needed on the extent to which exposure in clinics, compared with other community settings, drives ongoing transmission of DR-TB, so that resources to address the problem can be organised.

Guidelines for clinics concerning infection prevention and control (IPC) measures to reduce DR-TB transmission are readily accessible, and while there is wide evidence that recommended measures are not put into practice, it is not known why. A comprehensive approach to understanding barriers to implementation is required to design effective IPC interventions for DR-TB. Failure of IPC measures for DR-TB is often attributed to healthcare workers’ non-adherence to guidelines.

The team will examine how a health system supports IPC measures, as a whole. They will explore biological, environmental, infrastructural and social dynamics of DR-TB transmission in clinics in two provinces in South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape), with the aim of providing evidence for effective ways to improve IPC for DR-TB.

John Elmes

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