Hong Kong-China HE alliance could pair research and economic strength

Greater Bay Area collaborations seen as offering potential for Hong Kong universities to further commercialisation of research and innovation

十一月 8, 2019
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

A new coalition focused on postgraduate education will join up universities in the Greater Bay Area (GBA), a planned Chinese megapolis that would combine nine mainland cities, plus the two special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.   

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao University Alliance for Postgraduate Education was established by four co-founding institutions: Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou University, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) and the Macau University of Science and Technology

Luo Jun, president of Sun Yat-sen University, told Chinese state media that the group was formed “in a bid to better integrate educational resources in China’s Greater Bay Area and support the development of the region”. Its members would be encouraged to collaborate on “national and socio-economic development”.

This latest alliance is part of a much larger effort to integrate the GBA through transport links, business and higher education. The Chinese University of Hong Kong already has a partner campus in the border city of Shenzhen, while HKUST received approval in September to build a new campus in Guangzhou. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau University Alliance, established in 2016, includes 21 universities from the mainland, nine from Hong Kong and seven from Macau. 

Carrie Lam, Hong Kong’s chief executive, announced new GBA initiatives on 6 November, including more support for scientific research and for a planned innovation and technology park in a border area. 

Speaking in Beijing, Ms Lam said that ongoing unrest in Hong Kong would cause “no change at all” to GBA plans. 

There are still major differences between Hong Kong, Macau, and their neighbours to the north. Controlled borders divide the three areas, which use three different passports and currencies. Hong Kong and Macau have higher levels of academic freedom and uncensored use of the Internet. Hong Kong also has the most highly ranked universities in the GBA. 

However, Guangdong Province has a vast population, affordable cost of living and its sheer size cannot be matched by Hong Kong or Macau. It is an economic powerhouse with the highest provincial GDP in China, plus top infrastructure for manufacturing and product development. Shenzhen has been called the Silicon Valley of China. 

Joshua Mok, vice-president of Lingnan University, told Times Higher Education that “we should maximise the strengths of Hong Kong universities to work with universities based in GBA areas for promoting research, high-quality learning and innovation-centric entrepreneurship....Hong Kong can play a leading role in helping mainland universities become more internationalised.” 

Professor Mok felt that Hong Kong universities had not made full use of their research, in terms of commercialisation and creating marketable products. “I think there is significant space for Hong Kong universities to work and collaborate with mainland universities for knowledge transfer and innovation-related entrepreneurship,” he said.

Another gap between the two sides of the border is in income – a major consideration for Hong Kong students looking to move to other parts of the GBA after their studies.

Hong Kong graduates who move to GBA cities in Guangdong Province can expect to earn only a fraction of what they would back home, according to a study published in October by Hong Kong Baptist University, the Hong Kong People Management Association and the South China University of Technology in Guangzhou.  

Professor Mok admitted that mainland Chinese salaries might not be “sensational”, and that there would be “very different work and social environments” compared with Hong Kong.

However, there were still opportunities. “Given that Hong Kong graduates have strong international outlooks, together with problem-solving and communication skills, they would be able to perform and gradually get promoted to senior positions if they are willing to serve with companies [or] organisations based in the GBA with good working attitudes,” Professor Mok said.

joyce.lau@timeshighereducation.com

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