It once provided jobs for thousands of workers. But the decline and eventual closure of BP’s petrochemical operations in Swansea was mirrored all over Wales as the heavy industries of old melted away.
Now it is hoped that part of this estate will once more be a model for and a mainstay of the Welsh economy as Swansea University’s new Bay Campus.
The £450 million project will have at its heart cutting-edge engineering research and high-level skills training. The College of Engineering and the School of Management will be the first departments to move to the site later this year, alongside 5,000 students and 1,000 staff.
Collaboration with industry will feature heavily, with major firms such as Rolls-Royce and Tata Steel already planning research partnerships and more expected to follow.
The new campus has attracted significant funding from the Welsh and the UK governments, as well as from the European Union, in the hope that high-grade research and a skilled workforce will encourage businesses to relocate to the Swansea region, and thus spur economic regeneration in Wales.
Richard Davies, Swansea’s vice-chancellor, is eagerly awaiting the opening of the new campus. Swansea had, he said, “fallen a bit behind the pack of research-led universities” at the turn of the millennium, and efforts to catch up have long been restricted by the size of the landlocked Singleton Park Campus.
“We didn’t have the space for growing the academic offering, and we didn’t have the space for working with industry in the way industry wants to get involved with the university much more closely,” the vice-chancellor explained. “They want open innovation working with academics, so the whole campus was designed after talking to our partners about what they wanted.”
In anticipation of the move, Swansea has already doubled the size of its engineering department, and plans are to double it again over the next four or five years.
The new campus will also allow the university to increase its student numbers, from the current level of 16,000 or so to about 25,000 over the next three or four years.
Tradition of trail-blazing
This represents a period of significant change for Swansea, but for Iwan Davies, the pro vice-chancellor (internationalisation and external affairs) who has led the development of the Bay Campus, it is very much in line with the university’s traditions.
He highlighted that Swansea had become the UK’s first campus university under principal John Fulton in the late 1940s, long before the expansion of the plate-glass universities, and underlined that the campus experience was an important part of the “Swansea experience”.
Professor Iwan Davies said that Swansea also had a proud history of working with industry. BP itself had been a long-standing benefactor of the university, and the company has donated the land and substantial funding for the new campus.
But he acknowledged that the old model of economic development in Wales, of simply providing land grants, “doesn’t create the sustainable model that collaborating on research and development does”.
To foster industry collaborations, Swansea has created new research institutes with a focus on applied research and commercialisation.
And moving the School of Management to the new campus was a direct response to economic needs, Professor Iwan Davies said, because many engineering start-ups needed graduates with strong business skills to help extract the full potential of their innovations.
The aim of devoting resources and attention to the new campus was to turn the university into “a catalyst for promoting the region as an investment hot spot”, Professor Iwan Davies said.
“What industry requires is world-class research to scale and also enough flow of graduates coming through, and this is an investment in both,” he said. “We want to build up the scale of internationally excellent research to provide sufficient resilience for multinational enterprises to potentially co-locate not simply research and development but also potentially bigger facilities, such as service facilities and manufacturing facilities, within the locality.”
When all the talk is of the strength of the London economy and the so-called “northern powerhouse”, the university leadership wants to remind people that Swansea should not be forgotten.
“This is not something you can create overnight,” Professor Iwan Davies said. “Our success is related to the fact that we have been collaborating with major industry for 30 or 40 years.”
£450m: cost of developing the Bay Campus
University of Edinburgh
A collaborative degree in integrative biomedical sciences is being launched by the University of Edinburgh and China’s Zhejiang University. The four-year undergraduate programme will be taught entirely in English by academics from Edinburgh and Zhejiang at the Chinese institution’s new international campus in Hangzhou. Staff from Zhejiang have visited Scotland several times in recent years and have aligned their existing biomedical sciences degree with Edinburgh’s equivalent. The jointly delivered course is expected to start in 2016.
A letting agency set up by Northumbria Students’ Union has saved students more than £100,000 since it was created in 2012. The not-for-profit NU:Lets service is free for students to use and saves them agency fees, which cost an average of £150, every time a tenancy agreement begins. Natalie-Dawn Hodgson, the students’ union president, said: “We’re delighted to have hit the £100,000-saved mark, and we’re looking forward to continued savings for students while delivering a top-quality service.”
University of Warwick
Researchers have been awarded £3.19 million in funding to support a flagship project into antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The funding for a team drawn from the University of Warwick’s School of Life Sciences and its department of physics was awarded by a cross-research council “war cabinet” on AMR comprising the Medical Research Council and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. The Warwick group will study a vital link in the chain of AMR – the bacterial cell wall – to aid the development of new antibiotics.
University of Cambridge
A sculpture to celebrate the close bonds between one university and Poland has been erected. The Sierpiński Tree, based on a geometric figure developed by the Polish mathematician Wacław Sierpiński, is on display at the University of Cambridge’s Centre for Mathematical Sciences, having previously been housed on London’s South Bank. Professor Sierpiński was a pioneer in the field of fractals in the early 20th century. Sir Leszek Borysiewicz, the university’s vice-chancellor, said the sculpture was a “fitting symbol” of the long history of mathematical excellence in Poland and Cambridge.
Oxford Brookes University
A Formula One champion will speak at an event to celebrate the 150-year history of a university. On 29 May, the department of mechanical engineering and mathematical sciences at Oxford Brookes University will hold a day of special events. This will include several high-profile speakers from the Formula One industry, among them past world champion John Surtees. Other speakers include an aerodynamicist from Red Bull Racing and the managing director of BMW (UK).
University of Bedfordshire
A university is working with local general practitioners to address what it calls a “sustainability time bomb” in the NHS. The University of Bedfordshire has partnered with Luton Clinical Commissioning Group to help develop GP leaders through the Luton Future GP Leaders Scheme. “We are investing in the development of selected GPs by offering fully funded courses and study leave through our MA in medical education or our executive MBA,” said Clare Morris, head of clinical education and leadership at Bedfordshire.
Royal Holloway, University of London
A recent film studies graduate has been awarded a Bafta for her performance in a hard-hitting drama about domestic abuse. Georgina Campbell, who graduated from Royal Holloway, University of London last year, received the TV industry’s top award for acting on 10 May in recognition of her starring role in BBC Three’s Murdered by my Boyfriend. The 22-year-old, who has also appeared in Holby City, Casualty and Doctors, beat Sheridan Smith, Sarah Lancashire and Keeley Hawes to pick up the leading actress award.
King’s College London
A professor is presenting a major BBC radio series on the history of India. Sunil Khilnani, director of King’s College London’s India Institute, is following a journey from ancient India to the 21st century in Incarnations – India in 50 Lives. The first 25 episodes of the 50-part series, which was recorded in India over the past year, are being broadcast on Radio 4 each weekday until mid-June.