Scrapping REF would make little difference to QR funding, says report

Report says distribution would change little if based on research council cash. Paul Jump writes

April 11, 2013

Allocating an institution’s quality-related research funding on the basis of its research council income would not significantly change outcomes, a government-commissioned report has concluded.

The report - by the Centre for Business Research, based at the University of Cambridge, and the UK Innovation Research Centre, based at Cambridge and Imperial College London - examines the effect of the UK’s dual funding system for research on knowledge exchange and commercialisation.

It notes a “strong” correlation between the amount of research income that institutions earn from the various sources.

Some observers have long argued that the costly and labour-intensive research assessment exercise, and its successor, the research excellence framework, should be scrapped and QR funding allocated based on each institution’s research council income.

The report, Dual Funding Structure for Research in the UK: Research Council and Funding Council Allocation Methods and the Pathways to Impact of UK Academics, notes that the 2008 RAE’s cost to the sector has been estimated at nearly £50 million.

The researchers examined what would have happened if mainstream QR funding in 2009-10 and 2010-11 had been distributed on the basis of each institution’s share of research council income earned between 2002-03 and 2008-09. They found no average difference between the actual and hypothetical allocations.

The QR allocation of the biggest losers would have slipped by 0.9 per cent, while that of the biggest winners would have risen by 2.6 per cent. Most of the winners would have been the “top handful” of institutions because of greater concentration in research council funding.

In 2010, the top 10 per cent of institutions claimed 53 per cent of QR income and 64 per cent of research council income. However, from 2012-13 QR funding became more concentrated after 2* research was removed from the formula. As a result, the mainstream QR allocations of England’s five biggest earners - Imperial College, University College London and the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Manchester - slipped by 0.9 per cent, compared with an overall drop of 3.2 per cent.

But Mark Burnley, senior lecturer in the University of Kent’s School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, said that the study’s statistical interpretation and presentation of data - such as its lack of correlation plots and error bars - was “so poor as to render the information almost meaningless”.

He said that using research council income to determine the allocation of QR funding would be “fundamentally unfair” because it would work against disciplines that derived higher proportions of their income from other sources. It would also disadvantage newer institutions or departments that had not yet won any research council income.

Giles Carden, director of strategic planning and analytics at the University of Warwick, said a previous Treasury study had also shown a high correlation between research council income and RAE scores. Allocating QR cash on the basis of the former made sense “if the government is simply interested in [finding] the simplest method possible”, he said. But, he continued, the REF also provided a means to assess the quality of the outputs of UK research and had spurred universities to focus on maximising their research excellence.

paul.jump@tsleducation.com

You've reached your article limit.

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Featured Jobs

Most Commented

Monster behind man at desk

Despite all that’s been done to improve doctoral study, horror stories keep coming. Here three students relate PhD nightmares while two academics advise on how to ensure a successful supervision

opinion illustration

Eliminating cheating services, even if it were possible, would do nothing to address students’ and universities’ lack of interest in learning, says Stuart Macdonald

Female professor

New data show proportion of professors who are women has declined at some institutions

Sir Christopher Snowden, former Universities UK president, attacks ratings in wake of Southampton’s bronze award

Reflection of man in cracked mirror

To defend the values of reason from political attack we need to be more discriminating about the claims made in its name, says John Hendry