What is performing arts?
Performing arts is a form of creative activity that is performed in front of an audience, which includes drama, music, and dance. Degrees that focus on performing arts are highly practical, and actively immerse you in cutting-edge, interdisciplinary practice which prepare you to enter the competitive industry.
Performing arts tends to include a wide range of specialisms, including acting, dance, voice, physical theatre, music theatre, sound design and digital video. Courses celebrate the array of possibilities within live and digital arts in a range of contexts.
How long does a degree in performing arts take? Well, at undergraduate level, most performing arts degrees are three or four years long but this will largely depend on where you study. They are usually awarded as Bachelor of Arts (BA) degrees, or less commonly, Bachelor of Performing Arts (BPA).
What do you learn in a performing arts degree?
Performing arts degrees are generally either practice-based – involving a great deal of actual performance from day one – or academic, which combines practical work with analysis of the background of the subject. Teaching throughout the degree is therefore likely to be delivered through a mix of practical workshops and lectures (however this will vary between universities).
Many universities also offer an option to undertake work experience during your studies, which is a great opportunity to develop the skills learnt within a professional context. This could also give you a head start upon graduation.
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Most performing arts degrees offer an overall foundation spanning various disciplines, before giving students the chance to choose a particular pathway. However some universities do offer dedicated degrees for each of the main three branches of performing arts – music, dance and drama. Buckinghamshire New University in the UK, for example, offers a standalone course in dance and performance; the University of East Anglia offers scriptwriting and performance; while Teesside University offers performance for live and recorded media.
There is another option, however, for students who want to keep their options open – or simply enjoy some variety. Some universities offer prospective students a chance to study performing arts alongside another subject as part of a joint honours degree. This is usually within humanities, such as English Literature. Universities that offer this, include: The University of Winchester, The University of Derby, and De Montfort University. Usually, it is possible to transfer to a single honours programme at the end of the first year if you require.
What should I study at high school if I want to study performing arts at university?
In terms of academic requirements, some performing arts schools will be more specific than others. Some prefer applicants who have previously studied a similar or related subject at school. However many others are happy to accept students who have not previously studied any of the performing arts before.
Perhaps more importantly, however, prospective students are extremely likely to have to attend an audition to show off their talents. Universities will normally provide information on the audition format and how and what students should prepare. This may be in the form of a solo audition, or you may be assessed as part of a group, or some combination of the two.
Performing artists generally supplement their training, generate opportunities and enhance their creative knowledge through work experience and by participating in voluntary projects. Doing this prior to applying for university courses looks impressive and shows passion for the industry. Although largely unpaid, unless you’re lucky, they are extremely valuable for showing both your interest while allowing you to learn from industry professionals.
What do people who study performing arts do after graduation?
Jobs directly related to a performing arts degree include, among many others: actor, community arts worker, dancer, music therapist or theatre director.
However it doesn’t stop there, and graduates don’t always fall into the main occupations. Other careers include: broadcast presenters, teaching – whether further education or school – scriptwriting and theatre stage management.
The majority of professionals in the industry work within the context of short-term or freelance contracts moving between different jobs and different fields. Due to the way the industry works, many opportunities come from word of mouth rather than job advertisements. Jobs can be found through networking, attending auditions, collaborating with other artists or even putting on your own shows.
Salaries depend largely on the type of role and the size of production and are enormously difficult to calculate. A theatre actor's wage, for instance, depends largely on the size of the theatre and could earn anywhere between £380 and £1,000 a week. A performing arts teacher could equally earn between £27,000 and £40,000 depending on level and school area.
Many now famous actors and actresses across the world studied an area of performing arts at university. Kristin Chenoweth, an American actress and singer with credits in musical theatre, film and television and a Tony Award under her belt, attended Oklahoma City University. Moreover Andrew James Matfin – better known as Jamie Bell – is an English actor and dancer who rose to prominence for his debut role in Billy Elliot for which he won the BAFTA for Best Actor in a Leading Role. He studied performing arts classes at his local franchise of Stagecoach Theatre Arts.
Dame Judi Dench, who graduated with first-class honours in the subject, and comedians Matt Lucas, David Walliams and Dawn French also studied performing arts. But, even for those who don't make it on to the stage or big screen, a performing arts degree can open doors to equally rewarding roles.