UK universities 'losing cyber security battle'

More than a third of institutions suffer successful cyber attack every hour, study suggests

March 16, 2016
Computer cracker illegally accessing Apple MacBook laptop

More than a third of UK universities are hit by a successful cyber attack every hour, according to a study that raises questions about institutions’ ability to cope with the rising tide of hacking.

A survey of IT leaders at 50 UK universities found that almost all – 87 per cent – had experienced at least one successful cyber attack, such as the distributed denial of service attack that brought down the nationwide JANET network four months ago.

But what was striking was the reported frequency of the violations, with 36 per cent of respondents saying that they had to contend with a successful cyber attack every hour.

Such attacks can leave staff, students and institutions’ economic interests highly vulnerable. Forty-three per cent of respondents said that hackers had targeted student data, including dissertation material and exam results, while a quarter had experienced intellectual property theft and had had research data infiltrated.

The survey, conducted by market research firm Vanson Bourne for cloud security developer VMware, underlined what is at stake in a cyber breach.

Seventy-nine per cent of respondents said their institution had experienced reputational damage as a result of a cyber attack, while 74 per cent said that they had had to halt a research project because of infiltration.

In a reflection of the sensitivity of the research being conducted in some higher education institutions, 77 per cent said that a security breach had the potential to impact national security.

The challenge is likely to increase in seriousness, with 83 per cent of IT staff who responded saying they believed that cyber attacks were increasing in frequency and sophistication.

But two-thirds of respondents (64 per cent) said that they did not believe that their university’s existing IT infrastructure would protect it against cyber attacks over the next 12 to 18 months.

And 85 per cent said that more funding must be given to IT security to protect intellectual property.

Tim Hearn, director of UK government and public services at VMware, said that the level of cyber threat that emerged from the survey was “quite a surprise”, and warned that universities risked “falling behind” on IT security.

However, he acknowledged that the “unique cultural environment” of higher education meant that a careful balance had to be struck.

“A university is there to provide an open and collaborative environment that allows people to learn by communicating with each other, so historically a university’s IT architecture has been based on an open environment with very little restriction on access to information and who you can communicate with,” he said. “Universities don’t want to lose that collaborative nature, because that is what stimulates learning, but at the same time they have got to cope with this increasing cyber threat.”

Mr Hearn said that universities needed to place the same level of importance on keeping research and student data secure as companies did on protecting customer information.

Another area in which the higher education sector should follow business’ lead is in making cyber security a priority at executive management team level, he said.

chris.havergal@tesglobal.com

You've reached your article limit

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 6 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Featured Jobs

Clerical Exam & Assessment Officer UNIVERSITY OF GREENWICH
Professor in Music and Performance UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH WALES
Professor in Design UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH WALES
Professor of Storytelling UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH WALES

Most Commented

question marks PhD study

Selecting the right doctorate is crucial for success. Robert MacIntosh and Kevin O'Gorman share top 10 tips on how to pick a PhD

Pencil lying on open diary

Requesting a log of daily activity means that trust between the institution and the scholar has broken down, says Toby Miller

India, UK, flag

Sir Keith Burnett reflects on what he learned about international students while in India with the UK prime minister

Application for graduate job
Universities producing the most employable graduates have been ranked by companies around the world in the Global University Employability Ranking 2016
Construction workers erecting barriers

Directly linking non-EU recruitment to award levels in teaching assessment has also been under consideration, sources suggest