Data bites: top 20 sources of overseas students for US

China and India accounted for almost half of all international students in the US last year, up from just under a quarter a decade before

March 13, 2017
Source: iStock

The election of Donald Trump as US president, and his attempts to introduce a temporary ban on travellers from some countries, has sparked fears among American universities that they will see a widespread drop-off in demand from international students.

A survey of more than 250 colleges and universities in the country conducted last month has shown that these worries may not be unfounded, with almost 40 per cent of the institutions seeing declines in applications.

Much of the decline in demand seems to have come from the Middle East, the region that has been the focus of Mr Trump’s travel ban. However, universities have also reported drops in applications from China and India.

The maps below show just how important these two nations have become as the source of international students for US colleges and universities in the past decade, now accounting for almost half of all overseas students in the US.

According to the Institute of International Education’s annual Open Doors report on international student mobility, China was the leading source country in 2015-16, with 31.5 per cent of all overseas students in the US. India was second at 15.9 per cent, but still well ahead of the third-leading country, Saudi Arabia (5.9 per cent).

In contrast, the US’ closest neighbours Canada and Mexico accounted for just 4.2 per cent, while both the South American and European countries among the top 20 leading source nations accounted for about the same share, just under 3 per cent each.

Top 20 nations sending students to US, 2015-16 and 2005-06

Top 20 nations sending students to US 2015-16

Top 20 nations sending students to US 2005-06
Open Doors report.

See interactive versions here

These figures contrast sharply with 2005-06, when India was the leading source country for international students in the US, but with a lower percentage of the total (13.5 per cent). China, meanwhile, was second (11.1 per cent of the total), while South Korea was third (10.5 per cent).

Canada and Mexico (7.5 per cent of the total), leading European nations (4.3 per cent) and leading South American nations (4.4 per cent) were also much more prominent.

Over the period the total number of international students in the US rose 85 per cent from almost 570,000 in 2005-06 to more than 1,000,000 in 2015-16. While Chinese and Indian student numbers in the US have soared over that time (the number of students from China rose 425 per cent), other countries have seen more modest increases and the number of students from Japan (the fourth leading source country in 2005-06) has fallen by half.

You've reached your article limit

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most Viewed

Most Commented

Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford will host a homeopathy conference next month

Charity says Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford is ‘naive’ to hire out its premises for event

women leapfrog. Vintage

Robert MacIntosh and Kevin O’Gorman offer advice on climbing the career ladder

Woman pulling blind down over an eye
Liz Morrish reflects on why she chose to tackle the failings of the neoliberal academy from the outside
White cliffs of Dover

From Australia to Singapore, David Matthews and John Elmes weigh the pros and cons of likely destinations

Michael Parkin illustration (9 March 2017)

Cramming study into the shortest possible time will impoverish the student experience and drive an even greater wedge between research-enabled permanent staff and the growing underclass of flexible teaching staff, says Tom Cutterham