World University Rankings 2019 by subject: business and economics methodology

October 12, 2018

Browse the full results of the World University Rankings 2019 by subject: business and economics


The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2019 business and economics subject ranking includes narrower subject areas.

The subjects used to create this ranking are:

  • Business and management
  • Accounting and finance
  • Economics and econometrics

Different weights and measures

The subject tables employ the same range of 13 performance indicators used in the overall World University Rankings 2019, brought together with scores provided under five categories.

However, the overall methodology is carefully recalibrated for each subject, with the weightings changed to suit the individual fields.

The weightings for the business and economics ranking are:

  • Teaching: the learning environment
    30.9 per cent
  • Research: volume, income and reputation
    32.6 per cent
  • Citations: research influence
    25 per cent
  • International outlook: staff, students and research
    9 per cent
  • Industry income: innovation
    2.5 per cent

Criteria

Two criteria are to be included in the subject rankings: a publication threshold by discipline and an academic staff* threshold by discipline.

No institution can be included in the overall World University Rankings unless it has published a minimum of 1,000 research papers over the five years that we examine.

For each of the 11 subject rankings, the publication thresholds are different. For business and economics, the threshold drops to 200 papers published in this discipline over the past five years.

There is also an academic staff eligibility criterion. Up until the 2018 subject rankings, we expected an institution to have at least 5 per cent of its academic staff working in business and economics in order to include it in the subject table.

For the 2019 subject rankings, we have made a small adjustment to the staff eligibility criterion. An institution needs to have either at least a proportion of staff or a specific number of staff in this discipline to be included in the subject ranking.

For business and economics, we expect an institution either to have at least 5 per cent of its academic staff in the discipline or to have at least 50 academic staff in the discipline.

*Academic staff is defined as the full-time equivalent number of staff employed in an academic post, for example lecturer, reader or professor.

Note: Last year, in the business and economics subject ranking, institutions not teaching undergraduate degrees were included. This year, institutions need to teach at the undergraduate level in order to be included, as per the World University Rankings methodology.

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