The University of São Paulo (USP) is the largest higher education and research institution in Brazil. It develops a large number of Brazilian masters and doctors who work in higher education and research institutes. It is a public and free university, with open access for students selected by the “vestibular” (Brazilian entrance exams for universities). Many of these students, after graduation, hold strategic and leading functions in different segments of public and private industries. USP is distributed across seven campuses that comprise 42 learning and research units, four hospitals, four museums and six specialised institutes. In addition it has multiple experimental laboratories and centres of scientific and cultural diffusion. It encompasses all the areas of knowledge and offers 240 undergraduate courses and 300 PhD programmes.