KTH Royal Institute of Technology was founded in Stockholm in 1827 as the Teknologiska Institutet, which offered to meet the industrial age’s increasing demand for trained engineers by focusing on applied technology rather than pure scientific research.
By 1917, KTH had moved into its new, purpose-built home in central Stockholm, which remains the core of the university’s campus today, although there are other KTH campuses dotted around the Swedish capital. The campuses are strategically located so that they are close to their relevant industry links: for example, the ICT cluster at Kista is the base for 1,000 ICT companies, including Ericsson, IBM and Microsoft, while the Flemingsburg campus is a hub for medical technology centres and related industrial activity.
The university currently has around 12,000 full-time students, 2,000 doctoral students and around 3,700 full-time staff. About 30 per cent of all students are women.
KTH is located in the heart of Stockholm, a city renowned for its rich cultural history, national parks and the archipelago of 24,000 islands. The university itself is situated in an appealing spot, adjacent to the Royal National City Park.
The city is the home of the Nobel prize, and a KTH professor, Hannes Alfvén, was a past recipient of the prize for physics, awarded in 1970. The university continues to retain a solid research reputation, and has primary responsibility for five strategic research areas nationally: transport; molecular biosciences; production engineering; IT and mobile communication; and e-science.
Notable alumni include Gustaf Larson, co-founder of Volvo, and Samir Brikho, chief executive of AMEC.