Use pandemic to fix longstanding inequities, Australian report urges

International education losses ‘are like losing a car manufacturing industry every six months’

April 17, 2020
inequitable uneven unfair disadvantaged
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Australia should harness the disruption of the Covid-19 pandemic to rethink inequities in the funding of its overall university system, a new report argues.

The report, from the Mitchell Institute thinktank at Victoria University, also advocates a return to the demand-driven system (DDS) by removing the caps on university places.

Author Peter Hurley said policy discussions tended to overlook the longstanding unevenness of Australia’s university sector. He said the research-intensive Group of Eight universities had cashed in from years of snowballing international enrolments, while a dozen or so “mid-ranked” universities had benefited handsomely from the DDS in the past decade.

Both of these cash injections had bypassed another dozen smaller regional and outer metropolitan institutions, eroding their capacity to meet the needs of the socioeconomically disadvantaged students who enrolled with them in disproportionate numbers.

The report says support for regional universities has been a government priority for almost a decade, while targeted policies to help non-metropolitan universities – such as regional loadings – have also come under the microscope.

But such measures “simply result in the maintenance of campuses that are unprofitable or have small enrolment numbers that make the provision of broad tertiary education difficult”, the report says.

“The aim of any policy reform should be to encourage lively and creative learning spaces at smaller and regional universities, rather than propping up campuses that have low enrolments.”

The report says that before the impact of the coronavirus, Australia’s higher education investment had increased 44 per cent in real terms over a decade, driven by surging international revenue and the DDS. Despite this, university surpluses were “trending downwards” while smaller universities had not grown at the same rate as the big ones. “The reasons for this have little to do with quality as many of these universities score highly on quality indicators.”

The institute advocates reviving the DDS or boosting universities’ domestic capacity in some other way, as well as increasing funding for vocational education and training. Mr Hurley said domestic demand would rise as workers looked to upskill and school leavers abandoned gap year plans.

“Removing the caps on university places would [allow] Australians with few job prospects to build their skills in preparation for the economic recovery, [while helping] universities offset [the] unprecedented drop in revenue from international students.”

The report estimates that up to 18 months of border closures will cost Australian universities between A$10 billion (£5.1 billion) and A$19 billion. The “next hit” – this year’s stalled mid-year intake of foreign students – alone will cost universities A$2 billion.

“Each six-monthly intake missed due to the closed international border will deliver an economic blow equivalent to when Australia lost its entire car manufacturing industry,” the institute said.

Australian National University policy expert Andrew Norton, who contributed to the report, said he expected international student numbers to rebound eventually, but it could take years.

He said the growth of Asia’s middle class, which had fuelled the surge in international enrolments, would experience an “interruption rather than a fundamental reversal. But over the next few years it will be very difficult to get the numbers back to where they were. At least temporarily, many families in the source countries will have much less money than they thought they would.”

Continuing travel restrictions, reputational damage and the “pipeline effect” of deferred study is expected to further delay recovery.

john.ross@timeshighereducation.com

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Reader's comments (1)

Without international students, Uber eats would collapse because most international students are Uber eat drivers and that will probably be a good thing because people will order less junk food and even if they do may have to make the effort to get it themselves. Universities collapsed into the dark deep well of shady practices commoditised education export and its associated murky world which involved not least admitting into courses that do not deserve to be admitted, passing those that do not deserved to pass, false employer work hours certificates post degree to rack up points on the immigration ladder and lastly the false notion that universities that operate like heavy corporates while registered under the charities act with vice chancellors drawing more salary than the president of USA will collapse any more than they have already morally, ethically and perhaps even strictly legally. These universities and their executives and academics that pass students when they the latter have not attended classes or cannot speak a sentence of English ought to be charged with abetting a crime. Giving out degree in exchange for monies ought to be a criminal offense and actually even under the current laws, it is. There needs to be a class action against such universities and the people including managent and academics by those that are losing university places to such practices and even by those that are forced to help out these international non students in forced group assignments for their own sake so that the whole group passes. Most of such universities definitely now need to be shut down or made to shut down to stop selling degrees and causing an unfathomable harm to multiple generations and economy for a long time to come as these international students with underserving degree come to the job market and spruik their non existing skills.

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