Minister: rankings helped inspire French reforms

Sweeping reforms of French higher education were prompted in part by its performance in world university rankings, the country's higher education minister has suggested.

June 2, 2011

In an interview with The New York Times, Valérie Pécresse said French higher education was "very separated", with grandes écoles, research institutes and universities all fulfilling different roles.

"The problem is that the world model is a university. If you have a ranking, you rank universities," Ms Pécresse said. "For a long time we thought we had a French model that was different from the others and was working better. But now we know that good research and good teaching means you need a multidisciplinary university."

The minister, who has been in post for four years, said another key plank of the changes was to give universities the autonomy so cherished by other academies.

"When I came into office, French universities didn't have any freedom to offer new degrees, to open new labs or to hire new professors," she said. "They had no responsibility, either. Their means - their budget - did not depend on their capacity to manage it. So we had to give them autonomy."

Ms Pécresse acknowledged the controversy caused by the reforms, and said the protests they triggered could have cost her her job on more than one occasion.

But she was adamant that change was required: "In France we are always thinking about decline. One of the major points of my political thinking is how to give back optimism to French society and French youth...We want to attract the best students from all over the world; we want more researchers," she said.

Reflecting on the trebling of the tuition-fee cap in England, she said she had made a conscious decision to "stand up for a model where tuition fees are not high".

"We were so late in investing in universities. We were so late in reforming universities. And it's difficult to do reform without financial incentives. It was really important that universities in France understand - and French people understand - that reform is not always punitive," she said.

john.gill@tsleducation.com.

You've reached your article limit.

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most Commented

Felipe Fernández-Armesto takes issue with a claim that the EU has been playing the sovereignty card in Brexit negotiations

Female professor

New data show proportion of professors who are women has declined at some institutions

John McEnroe arguing with umpire. Tennis

Robert MacIntosh and Kevin O’Gorman explain how to negotiate your annual performance and development review

Man throwing axes

UCU attacks plans to cut 171 posts, but university denies Brexit 'the reason'

Cricket player and umpire exchanging bribe

The need to accommodate foreign students undermines domestic practices, says Lincoln Allison, spying parallels between UK universities and global sports bodies such as Fifa