The report Cross-Border Higher Education: An Analysis of Current Trends, Policy Strategies and Future Scenarios , published by the Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, suggests three scenarios for the next ten to 20 years.
The status quo scenario:
* The international mobility of institutions and their courses grows more rapidly than that of students and staff
* Greater polarisation between institutions that charge full fees to foreign students and those that do not
* Trade in educational services is not substantially liberalised.
The competition scenario:
* The profit motive drives growth in the number of full-fee-paying students
* More HE providers, including private companies
* Anglophone countries lose market share to other OECD countries
* Public funding cut in countries where universities raise more money from overseas.
Emerging economies scenario:
* Some countries develop higher education systems capable of competing in the global market
* Increased competition reduces access to higher education in developed countries
* Entrepreneurial universities and private companies establish campuses in emerging economies.