International students in Australia: less diverse, more converged

Cash flows increasingly from south and east Asia to south-eastern cities

December 28, 2018
Tourists in Sydney
Source: Getty

Australia’s international education boom cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra are monopolising the ballooning cash flows from foreign students, new trade data suggest.

Figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics show that New South Wales, Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory now attract almost three-quarters of international education earnings.

The three jurisdictions have shared almost 80 per cent of the revenue growth over the past three years, banking a combined A$23.8 billion (£13.4 billion) in the last financial year – up from A$15 billion in 2014-15.

This period coincides with an aggressive push by the top-ranked universities of Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra, with international students hoovered up to bankroll research and infrastructure.

Tasmania also doubled its international education revenue over that period, but from a low base. The other three states and the Northern Territory experienced relatively muted earnings growth, with their share of the total pie declining.

Recently released bureau figures also suggest that the industry is failing in its efforts to diversify its source markets. Income from the biggest contributor, China, doubled in three years from A$5.5 billion in 2014-15 to A$11 billion in 2017-18.

Among the major markets, China’s growth rate was surpassed only by Nepal, where revenue surged 124 per cent to A$1.6 billion, and Sri Lanka, where earnings also doubled.

Nepal leapfrogged South Korea, Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand to become Australia’s third biggest education market. Growth from India rose by a more moderate 62 per cent to A$3.8 billion, pipping the previous record of A$3.2 billion in 2009-10.

Overall education exports rose by 53 per cent over the three years to A$32.4 billion. Despite this, earnings fell from about a quarter of the 140-plus countries that send students to Australia – particularly in eastern Europe, Africa and the Middle East.

Cash flows declined from the major markets of the Philippines and Saudi Arabia, as well as Asia-Pacific neighbours East Timor, Samoa and Vanuatu.

Australia now obtains most of its international education earnings from east and south Asia. The share of revenue from China, its special administrative regions and the Indian subcontinent nations rose from 49 per cent in 2014-15 to 58 per cent last financial year.

john.ross@timeshighereducation.com

POSTSCRIPT:

Print headline: International cohorts are not diversifying but are congregating

Please login or register to read this article.

Register to continue

Get a month's unlimited access to THE content online. Just register and complete your career summary.

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Related articles

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most commented

Recent controversy over the future directions of both Stanford and Melbourne university presses have raised questions about the role of in-house publishing arms in a world of commercialisation, impact agendas, alternative facts – and ever-diminishing monograph sales. Anna McKie reports

3 October

Sponsored

Featured jobs

PhD Position, Department of Geoscience and Petroleum

Norwegian University Of Science & Technology -ntnu

Senior Lecturer in Law

University Of The West Of England (uwe)

Lecturer in Marketing

Edinburgh Napier University