LLD: Edward Heath, member of parliament for Old Bexley and Sidcup, former prime minister (1970-74); Jacques Santer, president of the European Commission since 1995, prime minister of Luxembourg (1984-94).
DLitt: Ridley Scott, film director (films include Blade Runner, Alien, Thelma and Louise) and graduate of the Royal College of Art; Bryan Sanderson, managing director (chemicals) of British Petroleum and governor of the London School of Economics.
The American International University in London
Honorary degrees were presented to the following on May 14: John Bond, group chief executive and chairman-designate of HSBC Holdings plc; Joseph Rotblat, physicist and Nobel laureate in 1995 for his campaign for peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
Honorary doctorates in business administration have been awarded to: Don Jacobs, dean of the J. L. Kellogg graduate school of management, Northwestern University; Aad Jacobs, former president of the ING Group.