More than 40 per cent of graduates work in these fields, compared with 22 per cent of non-graduates, according to data spanning April to June this year.
It is common for graduates from a variety of subject backgrounds to join these industries because of the wide range of jobs on offer, the report says.
Those with degrees in medicine, medical-related subjects and education have particularly well-defined career paths.
The only other industries to employ a higher percentage of graduates than non-graduates are banking and finance (just over 20 per cent compared with 14 per cent).
Source: Labour Force Survey, Office for National Statistics