Forging global citizens is electrifying, says head of NYU Abu Dhabi

Vice-chancellor talks to Chris Havergal about breaking free from Western constraints

April 23, 2015

Source: NYU Abu Dhabi

Is it possible to offer a truly international education experience in the Western world? Not according to Alfred Bloom.

Dr Bloom has been the vice-chancellor of New York University’s outpost in Abu Dhabi since 2009 and, in terms of his pedagogical outlook at least, can be said to have gone native.

He spent 18 years as president of Swarthmore College, a US liberal arts institution, but now argues that efforts to internationalise teaching and research at such institutions are held back by a shuttered worldview.

For Dr Bloom, the world is a “new place with actors who come from equal levels of intellectual resources and potential contribution”. Therefore the “first thing” to do, when setting up an international university, is to “move beyond the hegemony of the US and Western Europe”.

“Unless you have a context with no culture that is dominant, you don’t have a sense of being in a global world,” he said.

Building mutual understanding

At NYU Abu Dhabi, Dr Bloom believes that he has created such a place. Of its 739 undergraduates, 11 per cent are Emirati and 16 per cent are from the US, with 107 countries represented overall.

The experience of bringing these students together, Dr Bloom said, was “electrifying”. Not only do these students receive a traditional liberal arts education, they also learn to “find common ground across differences and build mutual understanding and purpose”, he continued. The same is true for research, Dr Bloom believes. Academics at an institution like NYU Abu Dhabi, he said, “can be comfortable stretching paradigms shaped in Western universities in a way which constrained the core of excellence in these paradigms”.

This is a rosy picture of life in the Middle East, but NYU’s Abu Dhabi venture has faced problems that are familiar to other institutions operating in the gulf.

Most recently, The New York Times reported that Andrew Ross, an NYU professor based in the US, had been barred from entering Abu Dhabi after criticising the exploitation of workers who built the university’s campus on Saadiyat Island. An independent report published on 16 April found thousands of workers had been excluded from NYU’s enhanced labour standards, albeit without the university’s knowledge.

Speaking to Times Higher Education before these developments emerged, Dr Bloom argued that moving to another country inevitably meant that you “accept a set of expectations from that society” and that, if you couldn’t, then “that’s not the place for you”. But he said that there was an “absolute commitment to academic freedom” in Abu Dhabi and argued that every society placed restrictions on expression, be it through law or social convention.

“In the US, you can’t start speaking in harassing terms, in racist terms, in revolutionary terms against the government in specific ways,” Dr Bloom said. “I really believe the atmosphere right now [in Abu Dhabi] is one that has somewhat different limitations and different restrictions but will not curb the opportunity for very comprehensive expression and creativity.”

This diversity, Dr Bloom added, served to reinforce the “complexity” of a globalised society, allowing academics to consider, for example, the balance between “stability and total freedom of expression”.

chris.havergal@tesglobal.com

Times Higher Education free 30-day trial

You've reached your article limit.

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Reader's comments (1)

I regret the barring of Andrew Ross from the UAE. But to put matters into perspective, Israel also has a problematic record --foreign visitors who are suspected of being critical of the Israeli government have been subjected to lengthy and degrading (strip) searches, deportations and invasion of privacy, such as being compelled to log on to their email or Facebook accounts in front of airport security (who then scan for keywords such as "Arab" or "Palestinian") or being required to leave their laptops behind while they board their flights (giving airport security access to all files). Yet, to my knowledge, the establishment of a branch campus in Israel by the University of Indianapolis has never been questioned. Why? Because we cleave to preconceptions about what self-styled "Western" countries are like and how they can be distinguished from illiberal regimes. In reality, the lines are not so clearly drawn.

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most Commented

Worried man wiping forehead
Two academics explain how to beat some of the typical anxieties associated with a doctoral degree

Felipe Fernández-Armesto takes issue with a claim that the EU has been playing the sovereignty card in Brexit negotiations

John McEnroe arguing with umpire. Tennis

Robert MacIntosh and Kevin O’Gorman explain how to negotiate your annual performance and development review

Man throwing axes

UCU attacks plans to cut 171 posts, but university denies Brexit 'the reason'

Cricket player and umpire exchanging bribe

The need to accommodate foreign students undermines domestic practices, says Lincoln Allison, spying parallels between UK universities and global sports bodies such as Fifa