Perm State University is the oldest university in the Ural region. It was founded in 1916 and soon became the foundation for the higher education system of the West Ural. In 2010, Perm University was awarded the status of National Research University, justifying its reputation as one of the leading Russian universities. It is a multidisciplinary university as well: the wide variety of educational programmes in human and natural sciences are provided in such fields as microbiology, geoinformatics, tourism, economic geography, computer science, nanotechnologies and microsystem technology, clinical and pharmaceutical chemistry, innovation and financial management, and applied philology. There are several world-class laboratories in the university. PhD programmes are represented by such areas as genetics, immunology, meteorology, geology and petroleum geochemistry, bio-organic chemistry, information systems and financial markets analysis (available in English), international oil and gas business, sociolinguistics, and tourism.