The Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee) is among the foremost institutes of national importance in higher technological education and in engineering and basic and applied research. Since its establishment, the institute has played a vital role in providing technical manpower and know-how to the country. The institute has contributed to all sectors of technological development. The institute offers bachelor's degree courses in 12 disciplines of engineering and architecture, and postgraduate degree in 53 disciplines of engineering, applied science, architecture and planning. The institute has facilities for doctoral work in all its departments and research centres. The institute admits students to B.Tech. and B.Arch. courses through the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) of IITs conducted at various centres all over India. In recent times, the institute has been actively engaged in 219 research projects and 570 industrial cooperations, many of which are of national interest, for example, the development of small and micro hydropower projects, solar water heating systems, seismological and ground motion studies, RFID and censor networks, the Rural Technology Action Group, and the development of projects on the River Brahamputra.