November 19, 1999

Chechen fighters are demanding a ransom of $2 million for two Polish academics who disappeared while doing fieldwork in Dagestan in August. In a letter that reached Poland earlier this month, Zofia Fischer-Malanowska and Ewa Marchwinska-Wyrwal said they had been kidnapped and taken to Chechnya, where they are imprisoned in a cellar. The Polish government has reportedly refused to negotiate.

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