Continental drift

November 7, 2013

David Willetts, in the recently published pamphlet Robbins Revisited: Bigger and Better Higher Education (Social Market Foundation), makes three references to Europe. That puts him ahead of an Anglocentric commentariat on the Robbins report’s 50th anniversary.

However, the universities and science minister turns out not to be referring to European developments since Robbins, such as the establishment of the European Research Council, the central place higher education now occupies in the European Union’s growth and innovation strategy, or the Bologna Process’ creation of a European Higher Education Area.

Rather, he uses Europe to hold up a mirror to the English system. We are still the fairest of them all! England is recognised as an outlier in Europe in two important respects: its income-contingent loan system, admired by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development; and its higher levels of university autonomy, admired by the European University Association.

In his third reference to Europe, Mr Willetts stokes up a warm glow by recalling the interwar years when Britain had fewer university students than most Western European countries: “The intellectual stagnation this could have caused was offset by the migration of academics and thinkers, many of them Jewish, from Nazi Germany.”

In 2013, British universities are still, fortunately, welcoming at least some academic refugees. What Mr Willetts seems to ignore is that they would be stagnating intellectually if they did not also have thousands of European and overseas postgraduates and academics contributing to research and teaching, and a goodly sprinkle of European and other foreign thinkers, too. Globalisation and the knowledge economy have heightened the need for constant intellectual and scientific interchange.

It must be the case that many of the Europeans in British universities are here because European collaboration exists. These continental Europeans hold some of the prestigious ERC grants – the Marie Curie and Jean Monnet awards, or those of Erasmus Mundus. Many, in my experience, have crossed borders earlier in their careers. They have taken part in the EU mobility programme Erasmus, or have been involved in trans-border collaborations and exchanges set up between academics and institutions.

The taken-for-granted nature of academic mobility within the European sphere is one of the major changes in the university world since Robbins was published. It has been largely brought about by backing from the EU and the Bologna Process for structured education cooperation and the opening-up of opportunities.

While the UK has contributed to that cooperation, it should also recognise how much its higher education system has benefited.

I can understand why Robbins and his colleagues did not address Europe as an issue in 1963. When they looked at higher education in other countries, the systems of the Cold War antagonists were then of greater strategic interest (and Charles de Gaulle had just vetoed Britain’s request to join the European Economic Community). However, today it seems perverse to ignore the European element in our higher education system. Oh dear, time to bring out a Jean Monnet quote again, the one in which the “father of Europe” declared: “Britain can’t grasp an idea. Britain is supremely good at grasping a fact.”

You've reached your article limit

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 6 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most Commented

question marks PhD study

Selecting the right doctorate is crucial for success. Robert MacIntosh and Kevin O'Gorman share top 10 tips on how to pick a PhD

Pencil lying on open diary

Requesting a log of daily activity means that trust between the institution and the scholar has broken down, says Toby Miller

India, UK, flag

Sir Keith Burnett reflects on what he learned about international students while in India with the UK prime minister

Application for graduate job
Universities producing the most employable graduates have been ranked by companies around the world in the Global University Employability Ranking 2016
Construction workers erecting barriers

Directly linking non-EU recruitment to award levels in teaching assessment has also been under consideration, sources suggest