It is hardly news to show that many early scientists had religious convictions. After all, they worked in an almost universally religious culture. And of course, science and religion "are not single entities", simplistically opposed or not. However, they do have different foundations.
Science is based on objective, public, replicable observations yielding testable conclusions. Religion rests ultimately on individual experience and conviction. In certain ways both of them are valid. But many people think that when they yield different answers, as they often do, then one or the other must take priority. There is a real conflict.
John Radford, Emeritus professor of psychology, University of East London.