Relaxed Export Controls Proposed for Computer Production Technology

October 27, 2003

Washington, 24 Oct 2003

Federal Register notice

The U.S. Department of Commerce has proposed relaxing export controls on computer production technology and software and on microprocessor technology to make them conform to the level of controls on computers and microprocessors themselves.

In an October 24 Federal Register notice, the department's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) said the change in regulation would let companies provide access to this production technology to foreign nationals working for them both abroad and in the United States.

The Federal Register notice seeks public comment on the proposed rule by November 24.

BIS said existing export controls for the production technology differ from export controls for computers and microprocessors, or chips, in two ways: the countries eligible and the level of performance measured as millions of theoretical operations per second (MTOPS).

Under the proposal, the unlimited export of computer production technology and software would continue unchanged for 22 countries -- basically NATO members plus Japan, Australia and New Zealand.

Also unchanged would be the prohibition on exports of such technology to seven countries accused of supporting terrorism: Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan and Syria.

The threshold for computer technology exports would rise to 75,000 MTOPS for a group of 47 countries in a category called "Tier 3," including China, Egypt, India, Israel, Russia and Pakistan. The threshold would rise to 150,000 MTOPS for all other countries.

BIS would also relax controls on exports of microprocessor technology but has not yet determined the thresholds.

For two years BIS has considered whether to change its measure of performance for computers and computer technology from MTOPS, a measure viewed by some in the industry as too narrow. As no consensus has emerged yet, the Federal Register notice also solicits suggestions from the industry for measuring such performance by other methods or parameters.

Federal Register notice

US Department of State
Item source: http:///usinfo.state.gov/xarchives/displa y.html?p=washfile-english&y=2003&m=Octob er&x=20031024132146yessedo0.8229486&t=usi nfo/wf-latest.html

You've reached your article limit.

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most Commented

James Fryer illustration (27 July 2017)

It is not Luddism to be cautious about destroying an academic publishing industry that has served us well, says Marilyn Deegan

Jeffrey Beall, associate professor and librarian at the University of Colorado Denver

Creator of controversial predatory journals blacklist says some peers are failing to warn of dangers of disreputable publishers

Hand squeezing stress ball
Working 55 hours per week, the loss of research periods, slashed pensions, increased bureaucracy, tiny budgets and declining standards have finally forced Michael Edwards out
Kayaker and jet skiiers

Nazima Kadir’s social circle reveals a range of alternative careers for would-be scholars, and often with better rewards than academia

hole in ground

‘Drastic action’ required to fix multibillion-pound shortfall in Universities Superannuation Scheme, expert warns