Denham: elite to get lion's share of future research funding

The results of 14 independent reviews of higher education are in. John Denham, the Universities Secretary, now wants to establish a coherent vision for the future of UK higher education. This will be spelt out in a new framework this summer, ahead of the hotly anticipated review of tuition fees at the end of 2009. The future size, shape and funding of the sector is at stake. If Mr Denham gets it wrong, one vice-chancellor said, the resulting row would make the 2004 debate over tuition fees "look like a Sunday afternoon tea party". Over the next four pages in a wide-ranging interview with Times Higher Education, Mr Denham sets out his thinking. He said he wanted to be "challenged by vigorous debate". Over the coming months, we will take up his offer.

February 26, 2009

The Government is determined to concentrate research funding on a small elite of institutions despite the fact that the 2008 research assessment exercise revealed that excellence is spread much more widely throughout the sector than previously thought.

In an interview with Times Higher Education, Mr Denham set out his initial thinking on a range of issues before the publication of "a new framework for higher education" for the next 10 to 15 years.

The framework, which is scheduled to be unveiled this summer, will form the backdrop to the review of undergraduate tuition fees later this year.

He made it clear that continued concentration of research funding was the key to ensuring that the UK's university system remained "world class".

The most surprising element of the 2008 RAE, whose results were published in December, was that "world-leading" research was identified in 150 of the 159 institutions that entered, at least in small "pockets of excellence".

This is likely to lead to a thinner spread of quality-related (QR) research cash when university funding allocations are published in Times Higher Education on 5 March.

But Mr Denham said that while there should be a "fair settlement all round" next week, the sector should not expect the further spread of funding in the future.

He warned that the pockets of excellence in largely teaching-led universities should not expect to grow.

"I am minded to conclude that in the future we do need a significant concentration of research activity. I don't see the future as a step-by-step dilution (or) spread of research activity," he said.

"We should recognise (pockets of excellence in the current RAE), but we shouldn't be sending the message that we expect them to grow the next time around and the next time around (after that) so that everything gradually gets spread out, because I do not think that is the right strategy."

Mr Denham said there were two models for QR funding: gradually spreading research over lots of universities or settling on a level of concentration "perhaps not dissimilar to what we have at the moment". He said: "Which of those is most likely to be seen as a world-class research system? I would say ... it is the one with the concentrated research."

In a government-organised "HE debate" in London on 24 February, Mr Denham said that while concentration would support the "critical mass of leading researchers and expensive facilities" the UK needed, he added that "we should firmly reject any idea of creating an artificial, strict separation between research institutions and non-research institutions".

He declined to be drawn on details of how the replacement for the RAE - to be known as the research excellence framework - would work, but said it would have to be based on "excellence" rather than "designation", and that collaboration between universities with pockets of excellence and those that demonstrated it over a wider range of disciplines was "critical".

He ruled out abandoning the research profiles that highlighted institutions' strengths across the board, used for the first time in the 2008 RAE.

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To read Mr Denham’s full speech, go to:

To read the 14 review reports, go to:

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