Brazil passes goal for education as World Cup looms

Brazil will aim to be spend 10 per cent of GDP on education within a decade after a national plan was passed by the country’s main legislature.

June 7, 2014

Source: Ksenia Ragozina/

The National Congress of Brazil passed the National Education Plan (Plan Nacional de Educação, PNE) on 3 June, around four years after the proposal was initially tabled by the Ministry for Education.

Brazil currently spends around 6.4 per cent of its GDP on education – including on schools and universities -  a similar figure to that of the UK, where it is 6.3 per cent.

The PNE is composed of a set of defined goals that the ministry aims to have reached by around 2023.

There are proposals related to primary, secondary, and tertiary education. Among the latter, the ministry intends to raise the number of students aged 18-24 enrolling in higher education up to 50 per cent by 2023. As of 2012, the percentage stood at 30.2 per cent.

Postgraduate education is another of the PNE’s focuses, with the ministry intending to gradually increase the number of enrolments in postgraduate studies.

There were 42,878 master’s students in 2012, but the figure is expected to reach 60,000 by 2023. Similarly, the number of those with PhDs is intended to rise from 13,912 in 2012 to 25,000 in 2023.

In order to improve higher education, the PNE suggests increasing the number of master’s and doctorate students teaching in different university faculties, from 69.3 per cent in 2011 to 75 per cent in 2023.

Furthermore, teacher training will be strengthened across all sectors, as the ministry wants to ensure all teachers have specific training at tertiary level.

The lack of state investment in education has been one of the main criticisms against President Dilma Rousseff, especially in light of the huge expenditure in infrastructure for the 2014 World Cup, which starts on 12 June.

You've reached your article limit.

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most Commented

James Fryer illustration (27 July 2017)

It is not Luddism to be cautious about destroying an academic publishing industry that has served us well, says Marilyn Deegan

Jeffrey Beall, associate professor and librarian at the University of Colorado Denver

Creator of controversial predatory journals blacklist says some peers are failing to warn of dangers of disreputable publishers

Hand squeezing stress ball
Working 55 hours per week, the loss of research periods, slashed pensions, increased bureaucracy, tiny budgets and declining standards have finally forced Michael Edwards out
Kayaker and jet skiiers

Nazima Kadir’s social circle reveals a range of alternative careers for would-be scholars, and often with better rewards than academia

hole in ground

‘Drastic action’ required to fix multibillion-pound shortfall in Universities Superannuation Scheme, expert warns