Philosophy and Literature in Times of Crisis: Challenging our Infatuation with Numbers, by Michael Mack

Rachel Bowlby expects some numerical discussion but finds only hefty claims

July 10, 2014

Halfway through this book, I started to think that there must have been some sort of printing mix-up (or sabotage): surely this was the wrong text for the title. Philosophy and Literature in Times of Crisis could, it is true, cover practically anything. But Challenging our Infatuation with Numbers, despite the borderline self-help mode, sounded quite specific. Probably a critique of over-mathematical economics or purely statistical thinking.

When I began to read, I passed plenty of number-predicting chapter titles and subheadings: “Objects and numbers: Our current infatuation”; “What is it about numbers?”; “Certainty and the predictability of numbers”. But in the main text, not a number in sight. Finally, not long before the end, there was this: “statistical, that is to say economic-numerical”. Eureka!

I’d clung to the numbers expectation partly because it was hard to see what (if not that) the book is about. It certainly has a high count of authors discussed, from all over the Western philosophical and literary shop – including Bernard Malamud, Philip Roth, Lucretius, Sylvia Plath, Hannah Arendt, Gilles Deleuze, Walter Benjamin, W. G. Sebald; also C. P. Snow (Jean-François Lyotard strangely did not cite him, we learn). Claims of some magnitude are sometimes made: “A critical reading of Perlman’s novel is thus vital for an analysis of contemporary society”; “It will emerge from this discussion that bringing together literature, humanities and the arts with medicine, social sciences and science depends on Spinoza’s post-humanist humanism”. Past achievements are duly honoured: “As I have shown in How Literature Changes the Way We Think, literature’s truth consists in its consistent inconsistency.” And a new biology may be on the horizon when we are told that a poem “alludes to the gushing forth of blood, which also accompanies conception”.

It is said that “literature does not so much represent and consolidate past and current harmful practices but instead scoops out the mental space in which we can rethink what it means to be human and to live in our world”. Then the same sentence is said again – verbatim – near the end of the book; this was not the only (or the longest) repeated passage I noticed. Other features of presentation are equally distracting – although I can’t help liking the sound of a book by Roland Barthes called Camera Lucinda. A strange obsequiousness is implied by the information that “the ethics of literature compliments and sometimes counters that of philosophy. It compliments some strands within contemporary political thought.” Apart from the mistaken compliments, the italics here are also characteristic, with sentences highlighted at intervals throughout the book as though to rouse the reader with a random PowerPoint moment. Chronological indicators are often misleading. So Augustine or Spinoza “has” written this or that (a few years ago?), while Freud, with remarkable prescience, “sees this inescapability located in what Derrida understands by the ‘idea’ of an ‘Enlightenment to come’ ”.

I got to the end without having understood an argument. But to help people like me from losing all hope, the book thoughtfully provided the odd little comforter along the way. I’ll leave you with this one: “Literature does not only make us perceive issues we would otherwise ignore. More importantly, it has the capacity to involve our heart and soul and not solely intellectually.” What more could you ask?

Philosophy and Literature in Times of Crisis: Challenging our Infatuation with Numbers

By Michael Mack
Bloomsbury, 248pp, £65.00 and £17.99
ISBN 9781623560461 and 566494
Published 10 April 2014

Times Higher Education free 30-day trial

You've reached your article limit.

Register to continue

Registration is free and only takes a moment. Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus:

  • Sign up for the editor's highlights
  • Receive World University Rankings news first
  • Get job alerts, shortlist jobs and save job searches
  • Participate in reader discussions and post comments
Register

Have your say

Log in or register to post comments

Most Commented

Worried man wiping forehead
Two academics explain how to beat some of the typical anxieties associated with a doctoral degree

Felipe Fernández-Armesto takes issue with a claim that the EU has been playing the sovereignty card in Brexit negotiations

John McEnroe arguing with umpire. Tennis

Robert MacIntosh and Kevin O’Gorman explain how to negotiate your annual performance and development review

Man throwing axes

UCU attacks plans to cut 171 posts, but university denies Brexit 'the reason'

Cricket player and umpire exchanging bribe

The need to accommodate foreign students undermines domestic practices, says Lincoln Allison, spying parallels between UK universities and global sports bodies such as Fifa