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What qualifications do you need to be an astronaut?

Astronauts undergo strict training, and these are the qualifications you'll need to get started on the first step towards a space mission

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Carly Minsky's avatar

Carly Minsky

December 15 2015
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“Like many children, I dreamt of going into space but never really considered it a possibility,” writes Tim Peake for the BBC, ahead of his departure as the first British European Space Agency (Esa) astronaut to live on board the International Space Station.

So what skills and qualifications do you need to become an astronaut? Growing up, I often heard the answer “perfect vision and a physics degree”. While this response is slightly simplistic, it’s not far off the mark.

Esa explains that astronaut candidates can apply on the basis of either academic credentials or piloting experience.

Peake, who sets off on his space mission at 11.03am GMT on 15 December, had logged more than 3,000 hours of flight time as an army pilot, and supplemented the experience with an academic degree in flight dynamics and evaluation from the University of Portsmouth.

Like Peake, most aspiring astronauts with piloting experience and qualifications also have a university degree in natural sciences, medicine, engineering, information technology or mathematics.


For those without the prerequisite minimum flight time, the academic credentials are more rigorous; candidates will preferably have a doctorate in physics, biology, chemistry, earth sciences, medicine, engineering, IT or maths. Even at this academic level, operational experience is still recommended.

Esa says: “It is a strong asset, but not mandatory, to have studied aeronautics and astronautics. Above all, no matter what you have studied, you should be good at it.”

As for the medical tests, astronauts must have a clean bill of health, which does in fact include perfect vision, although this may be the result of correctional contact lenses.

If you’re motivated to pursue this competitive career path, you can find the best universities for physical sciences here and for engineering and technology here

Good luck!

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