If you’re hoping to study in France, you’ll want to know which universities are the best.
So what are the top French universities and colleges? According to Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings 2018, 31 French institutions are counted among the top universities in the world.
The ranking includes nine institutions in Paris – the most represented city in France – and other options scattered around the country.
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Universities in Paris take the top four spots, but institutions in Lyon, Marseilles, Grenoble and Bordeaux also feature in the top 10.
The best university in France is Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris, a collegiate university formed of 25 research and higher education institutions in the Paris area and three national research institutions.
Outside Paris, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon is in fifth position.
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Paris Sciences et Lettres - PSL Research University Paris is formed of 25 higher education institutions and research centres in the Paris area. It was formed in April 2010 by five prominent French institutions: the École Normale Supérieure, the Collège de France, the Paris Observatory, Chimie ParisTech and ESPCI ParisTech.
The institutions under the umbrella of the university are a mixture of older institutions that were established during the Enlightenment period and new institutions.
The university's main aim is to establish itself as one of the top research institutions in the world. The institution has also developed links with other top ranking institutions around the world including the University of Cambridge, University College London, Peking University and National Taiwan University.
A total of 22 Nobel prizes have been awarded to researchers from the university across physics, chemistry, literature, physiology and medicine and economics.
École Polytechnique focuses specifically on science and technology. The motto of the school is “For the Homeland, Science and Glory”.
There are fewer than 3,000 students at the university, which is based in the small Parisian suburb of Palaiseau, just over 10 miles from the centre of Paris.
Despite the small intake each year, about 30 per cent of the student body is international, with one Spanish student explaining that international students get special attention and preparatory programmes.
École Polytechnique offers an interdisciplinary approach, providing a curriculum that combines undergraduate teaching with graduate research across a broad range of topics and specialisms.
In addition to six different topics within science and engineering, undergraduates are also required to take a humanities subject and sports.
Undergraduate admission requires two years of preparation during high school before a week of written exams and then an oral examination.
French nationals are obliged to do eight months of military service in their first year, since the university is officially still run by the Ministry of Defence.
It is the largest scientific and medical complex in the country, with about 30,000 full-time students around the university’s Jussieu campus in the Latin Quarter of Paris.
The university has eight main teaching hospitals and is also well known for excellence in mathematics.
A number of affiliates of the university have won Nobel prizes for physics, chemistry and medicine since Pierre Curie and Marie Curie won in 1903.
There are 120 different research laboratories across modelling and engineering; living earth and environment; energy, matter and the universe; and life and health. More than 5,000 researchers and professors work in these four divisions.
About 20 per cent of the students are international. In total, there are about 3,000 doctoral candidates across 16 doctoral schools.
Another large university, Paris-Sud University has just under 30,000 students across its campuses in the southern Parisian suburbs.
The university, and particularly its Orsay Centre, is noted for its contributions to physics and chemistry research. It is home to some of the most elite laboratories in France, in research fields including nuclear physics, astrophysics, atomic physics, nanoscience and particle physics.
Two Nobel prizes and four Fields Medals have been awarded to affiliates of the university. A number of other leading academics and business people are graduates, including Bertrand Serlet, the former senior vice-president of software engineering at Apple.
There are about 4,800 international students at Paris-Sud University hailing from 125 different countries.
École Normale Supérieure de Lyon is one of four Ècole Normale Superiéures in France and the only university in the top five located outside of Paris.
The first ENS was founded after the French Revolution and has since produced minds such as Louis Pasteur, Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone Weil. Building on the success of the original school, ENS Lyon was founded in 1880.
The majority of students are recruited from local preparatory schools but a proportion of students are admitted entry if they pass rigorous entrance exams.
Top universities in France 2018
Click each institution to view its full World University Rankings 2018 results
Read more: Best universities in the world