Rejecting hybrid conferences as the new norm reeks of ableism
Failure to offer a virtual component for conferences makes organisers complicit in a system that excludes particular academics, says William E. Donald
In-person events are well and truly back. My social media feed has been full of posts from fellow academics jetting off to exciting destinations and relieved that the majority of the pandemic-related restrictions of 2020 and 2021 are over. No more complaints from some participants about the virtual technology platforms, Zoom fatigue, time zone differences or a lack of networking opportunities.
An easier life beckons for conference organisers as they revert to “tried-and-tested” norms of delivery. The conferences that have offered hybrid formats in 2022 have often delivered these with the level of enthusiasm usually reserved for marking 400 essays. One leading conference has even charged the same fee for in-person and virtual attendance despite more than half of the sessions only being available in “real time” to those who attend in person.
A cynic might think this was the objective all along: make such a fuss and deliver a one-off hybrid conference so poorly that it will never need to be done again. For these groups, 2022 appears to signal what they hope will be a permanent return to the in-person conference “glory days”.
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Yet, the virtual conference format often used in 2020 and 2021 was a revelation for previously excluded participants. Such groups include disabled and housebound academics, people with caring responsibilities for children or elderly parents and pregnant women unable to fly. They also include academics who live in remote places, and those unable to secure visas or sufficient funding to cover travel and accommodation fees.
As a disabled and predominantly housebound academic, I previously found myself excluded from key conferences in my field. Organisers would continually state that the technology did not exist to offer me the same level of access afforded to many of my peers. But the pandemic suggested otherwise, as the academic community was temporarily forced to adopt virtual conference formats. I felt fully included for the first time. Yet this inclusion was short-lived, as conference organisers opted to revert primarily to in-person events for 2022.
Somehow, it felt even worse this time, because I knew it was now an active choice to exclude me and roll back on the inclusivity gains afforded by the pandemic. This motivated me to write this piece in the hope I can use the platform to raise awareness and influence change.
I believe hybrid conferences can act as a catalyst for academia to overcome systemic barriers to exclusive spaces of knowledge exchange. Failure to offer a virtual component for a conference represents an ableist view and makes organisers complicit in a system that excludes particular academics from participation. This complicity has a trickle-down effect whereby excluding certain academics from conference settings reduces the diversity of views and voices. Such exclusion also limits access to informal networks and opportunities for research collaborations.
Furthermore, in-person conferences remove agency from other academics to reduce their carbon footprint. As such, the in-person format is at odds with conference organisers’ claimed commitments to equity, diversity and inclusion, technological advancement and sustainability agendas. So, what can we do as an academic community, and how can conference organisers address this issue?
As individuals, we need to reframe our thinking from “Do we prefer in-person or hybrid conferences?” to “Do we want to be an inclusive community or not?” The aftermath of the pandemic offers an opportunity to embrace change during a period of disruption before we revert to previous norms. This requires buy-in and support across the academic community since those of us whose voices are excluded often have fewer opportunities to influence policy decisions directly. We rely on individuals sitting on the conference organising committees to raise these concerns on our behalf and secure commitment to a hybrid format.
Leading professors in their respective fields can also mobilise their status and influence to support inclusivity agendas. Moreover, we rely on all academics to voice their concerns and call for hybrid formats even where their personal preference is for an in-person-only conference. We also ask for a commitment that everyone interacts with virtual participants to avoid two separate conferences taking place in parallel under the guise of a hybrid approach. Additionally, are you prepared to publicly call out and boycott conferences that actively exclude your peers to help manifest change?
As conference organisers, what steps can you take to normalise hybrid conferences as the accepted “default” format? Maybe you can highlight the point that a hybrid format maintains the flexibility for academics to choose to attend in person if that is their preference and they have the means to do so. Perhaps you can vocalise your priority for the inclusion of all scholars in conference spaces, even though some academics consider hybrid conferences to be “less fun” in their current form than traditional in-person events. Maybe you can take steps to address this by promoting cross-platform networking and hashtags to engage people via social media before, during and after the event. Alternatively, you might consider investing extra revenue from virtual conference fees in developing technology platforms that facilitate networking opportunities between all attendees. It will also be imperative to convince either your existing or alternative sponsors of the value of the hybrid format.
There also needs to be a discussion around pricing. It is not reasonable to expect a conference to offer virtual attendance for free unless, of course, it has the means to do this without it being subsidised from the cost charged to in-person attendees. However, conference organisers need to ask themselves if they can offer a near-identical experience for academics attending in person or virtually. If not, the virtual fee needs to be adjusted accordingly.
The argument that virtual attendees should pay the same fee as their in-person counterparts regardless since they do not have to cover hotel and accommodation costs represents systemic ableism. Those costs bear no relation to the conference’s content, and in-person attendees have the option of virtual attendance if they prefer. Organisers may wish to consider running one day of the conference entirely hybrid with the remaining days in person and a pro-rata ticket price for virtual attendees. Alternatively, if there are four conferences in a particular field per year, is there an option for three to follow a hybrid or virtual format with the fourth in person over a four-year rotation period?
Now is the time for academia to reconsider its actions in terms of inclusivity and climate change through the provision of hybrid conferences. I hope this piece will act as a catalyst for such action.
William E. Donald is a research scholar at the Ronin Institute in the US and a visiting research fellow at the University of Southampton in the UK. His research interests include graduate employability, career ecosystems and sustainable careers across the lifespan.
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