This programme will enable you to study a major European language as well as the literature, artistic developments and theories associated with it, while developing serious academic interest in and specialist knowledge of all well-understood aspects of the English language both historically and currently, and at all relevant levels of structure and analysis. The programme aims to develop your engagement with the language, histories, literatures, cultures and societies of Francophone countries. Through intense training in the target language you will acquire near-native fluency. By enhancing your linguistic, literary, and critical faculties, the programme prepares you to contribute to a society in which an understanding of texts of all kinds is crucially important. Beyond the intensive study of the French language, you will explore the exciting contribution of French speakers to world culture. French political and philosophical ideas have played a central role in creating our modern civilisation. As a large subject area, the French department at Edinburgh can offer you a wide range of courses spanning the Middle Ages to the 21st century, including specialist options in literature, film and politics taught by leading specialists in their field. The English language side of the programme offers you a comprehensively broad and challengingly deep training in the academic study of the English language. It offers opportunities to develop intellectual and methodological capacities in rigorous, exact and strongly-theorised analysis. English language is a subject which is both historical and descriptive, and both text-focused and theoretical. In these respects the subject can be seen as encompassing and reflecting the traditions of both philology and linguistic theory. The University of Edinburgh's linguistics and phonetics equipment, for use experimentally and in fieldwork, is among the best in the world. You can also study Scots language which has its own rich linguistic and literary tradition.