Moscow is a dynamic and modern city with a number of attractions, parks, shops, restaurants and bars. You can find all kinds of places of interest, from historical venues and churches to modern buildings and contemporary art museums. Moscow ranks in the top 30 best cities for students and has the largest presence of universities and students in Russia.
Located in a humid continental climate zone, Moscow has an average temperature of 19-25°C in late June, but sometimes exceeds 30°C.
Russia’s currency is the Russian Rouble (₽). You can exchange money in banks or withdraw roubles from ATMs. International Visa and MasterCard bank cards, as well as the Russian payment system, Mir, are accepted for settlement virtually everywhere across Moscow. Other card systems, such as American Express and UnionPay, may not be accepted everywhere, although ATMs and bank offices usually do accept them.
Moscow Kremlin and Red Square
The Kremlin is a unique architectural ensemble included in the Unesco World Heritage List. It features a number of museums that showcase the history of the country, and is the official residence of the president of Russia.
Red Square is Moscow’s main square. Its paving stones preserve the memory of notable people and events from the centuries-old history of the Russian state. Red Square includes the Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the Mausoleum of Vladimir Lenin, and the necropolis near the Kremlin wall, where political and military figures of the Soviet state are buried. To the west is the Moscow Kremlin; to the east, the GUM department store’s Upper and the Middle Trade Rows; to the north, the State Historical Museum and Kazan Cathedral; and to the south, St Basil’s Cathedral.
St Basil’s Cathedral
The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin, aka St Basil’s Cathedral, is one of the most significant and recognisable monuments of Old Russian architecture from the 16th century. The cathedral was built between 1555 and 1561 at the behest of Tsar Ivan the Terrible to honour the conquest of Kazan. It has unique wall paintings, an impressive collection of Old Russian icon paintings and masterpieces of religious art. The interiors of the ensemble of 10 churches reflect the four centuries of the church’s history.
The Bolshoi Theatre
The Bolshoi is the main national theatre of Russia. It has not only served to preserve Russian cultural traditions but is also a centre of world musical culture. Russian musical theatre masterpieces from the 19th and 20th centuries play a leading role in the repertoire, along with Western classics.
Zaryadye Park is a new symbol of Moscow. The first park, built within the borders of the Boulevard Ring, is a key element of the walking route around the Kremlin. This is a new kind of public space created by an international team of architects, engineers, landscape designers and other experts. The Floating Bridge, which sweeps a 140m arc, offers the city’s best view of the Kremlin and Red Square.
Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
This is a museum complex with one of the largest collections of foreign art in Russia. Today, its collection includes more than 700,000 works from different eras, ranging from Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece to the early 21st century. The museum’s main collections feature the paintings of French impressionists from the collections of Moscow merchants Sergei Shchukin and Ivan Morozov.
State Tretyakov Gallery
This is the main museum of national art of Russia, reflecting its unique contribution to world culture. There are 1,300 works of Russian Art from the 11th to early 20th centuries; these works include everything from pre-Mongolian icons and mosaics to landscape, portrait and historical painting. It also has a branch called the New Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val, which features masterpieces from the 20th century and current trends from the 21st century, including avant-garde, socialist realism and non-conformism.
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Moscow has a well-developed and extensive network of public transport. Transportation routes around the city can be calculated using online maps, or smartphones apps such as Yandex.Transport.
The Metro is fast, comfortable and inexpensive, and operates from 6am to 1am. It is not only a transport system but also an underground museum.
Bus, tram, trolleybus and minibus
Buses, trams, trolleybuses and minibuses also cover many Moscow roads. Depending on the popularity of the route, waiting times are 5-20 minutes and often depend on traffic. Buses, trolleybuses and trams start running between 5am and 7am, and end between 9:30pm and 1am, depending on the traffic situation. Night buses are also available on certain routes.
The same tickets can be used for the Metro and public ground transport, and you can use the Troika electronic card for all means of transport.