Top institutions in geosciences

Data provided by Thomson Reuters from its Essential Science Indicators, January 1999–June 2009

November 19, 2009

 Institution Papers CitationsCitations per paper
1Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research313 10,865 34.71
2 Harvard University1,248 31,735 25.43
3 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory924 22,487 24.34
4 Princeton University1,181 ,315 23.13
5 University of East Anglia817 18,833 23.05
6 National Center for Atmospheric Research3,060 67,300 21.99
7 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts502 10,907 21.73
8 Max Planck Society2,798 59,103 21.12
9 National Oceanography Centre, Southampton 576 11,6 20.19
%3D10 University of Washington2,973 59,935 20.16
%3D10 University of California, Santa Barbara1,020 20,560 20.16
12 CEA Saclay (Commission for Atomic Research)1,101 21,843 19.84
13 University of Miami1,102 21,810 19.79
14 Columbia University2,399 47,048 19.61
15 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution2,214 42,601 19.24
16 Carnegie Institution for Science850 16,308 19.19
17 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration4,375 82,558 18.87
18 University of California, Santa Cruz889 16,666 18.75
19 California Institute of Technology1,935 36,149 18.68
20 Massachusetts Institute of Technology1,929 35,978 18.65
The data above were extracted from the Essential Science Indicators database of Thomson Reuters. This database, currently covering the period January 1999 through June 2009, surveys only journal articles (original research reports and review articles) indexed by Thomson Reuters. Articles are assigned to a category based on the journals in which they were published and the Thomson Reuters journal-to-category field-definition scheme. Both articles tabulated and citation counts to those articles are for the period indicated. Naturally, institutions publishing large numbers of papers have a greater likelihood of collecting more citations than those publishing fewer papers.

This ranking is by citations per paper (impact), among those institutions that have collected 10,000 or more citations in geosciences during the period. For papers with multiple institutional addresses, each institution receives full, not fractional, citation credit. Essential Science Indicators lists institutions ranked in the top

1 per cent for a field over a given period, based on total citations. For the current version, 435 institutions are listed in the field of geosciences, meaning that a total of 43,500 institutions were surveyed to obtain these results. Of the 435, 104 institutions collected 10,000 or more citations. The ranking by citations per paper (impact) seeks to reveal “heavy-hitters” based on per paper influence, not mere output. US institutions account for 14 of the 20, while the other six are European, including three British institutions. As is plain from the list above, “geosciences” here includes atmospheric research and oceanography as well as geology.

For more information on the Thomson Reuters’ Essential Science Indicators database, see

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