Noida – the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority – is a planned satellite city of Delhi. It is located in the Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state, within the National Capital Region of India. Noida is about 16 miles south-east of New Delhi, 12 miles north-west of the district headquarters in Greater Noida. It is bound by the Yamuna and Hindon River, and the cities of Delhi and Ghaziabad.
In 2015, Noida was ranked as the Best City in Uttar Pradesh and the Best City in Housing in all of India in the Best City Awards conducted by ABP News. Roads in Noida are lined by trees and it is considered to be India’s greenest city with nearly 50 per cent green cover, the highest of any city in India.
In the past 10 years, Noida has become a hub for software and mobile app development companies such as HCL, Samsung, Barclays, Agicent and CSC. These companies contribute to the city’s economy with their software product development and service export in foreign currencies. Samsung recently invested INR50 billion (£544m) in Noida, under the Make in India initiative.
In 2005, the city hosted the Noida Half-Marathon and, in 2010, the city achieved international exposure as the location chosen for the Commonwealth Games’ cycling competition and Queen’s Baton Relay. In 2011, Greater Noida hosted the inaugural Formula One Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit. The circuit is the first of its kind in South Asia.
Red Fort (shown left)
The Red Fort was the official seat of Mughal rule and authority from 1648 onwards, when the 5th Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, decided to move the capital of the empire from Agra to Delhi. Constructed using red sandstone, it remains one of the architectural marvels of the Mughal era. In 2007, it was designated a Unesco World Heritage Site.
One of the oldest markets in Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk is still an important historical site renowned for the availability of all kinds of goods as well as food. It was constructed in the 17th century by Mughal ruler of India, Shah Jahan. It is situated opposite the Red Fort and provides a view of the Fatehpuri Mosque.
At a height of 234ft, this minaret is the tallest individual tower in the world and is a perfect display of Mughal architectural brilliance.
India Gate (shown left)
The All India War Memorial, popularly known as India Gate, is located in New Delhi. It is dedicated to the 82,000 soldiers, both Indian and British, who died during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is the structure underneath the arch, which houses four eternal flames, symbolising the immortal soldiers of India.
Located in New Delhi, this is one of the five sites built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur. The site consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments. The main purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables and predict the movement and timings of the Sun, Moon and planets.
Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple (shown left)
Also known as the Delhi Akshardham, this temple complex was built in 2005 and sits near the banks of the River Yamuna.
President’s Palace (Rashtrapati Bhavan)
This is a famous monument of the British Empire which was said to be the palace of the Viceroy of India. It is now the home of the President of India. It is considered to be the best-known monument in India after the Taj Mahal and Qutub Minar.
This is one of the finest specimens of pure Islamic architecture and has the touch of Sultanate sturdiness about its fortifications. The ruins take an hour or two to look around and offer great opportunities for history enthusiasts.
Old Fort (Purana Qila)
This is a masterpiece of the ancient glory and sterling architecture of the bygone Mughal Empire, and is one of the oldest forts in Delhi. Built on the banks of the River Yamuna, and surrounded by walls 1.5km long, the fort is the focus of numerous medieval myths and legends.